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Colne, Engain (St. Andrew)

COLNE, ENGAIN (St. Andrew), a parish, in the union of Lexden and Winstree, Witham division of the hundred of Lexden, N. division of Essex, 2¾ miles (E.) from Halstead; containing 685 inhabitants. This parish, which derives the affix to its name from the family of Engain, proprietors of the manor, comprises 2444a. 2r. 5p., whereof about 1896 are arable, 297 pasture, 15 in hops, and 148 wood and plantations. The lands are in general elevated, and the soil is of light quality, consisting of loam, mixed with sand. The river Colne forms the southern boundary, near which passes the Roman road from Colchester. A fair for toys is held on Whit Monday and Tuesday. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at £13. 17. 6., and in the gift of the Governors of Christ's Hospital: the tithes have been commuted for £750, and the glebe comprises 56 acres, with a house. The church, a plain edifice with a good tower of brick, is pleasantly situated; the parsonage-house is a handsome residence.

Transcribed from A Topographical Dictionary of England, by Samuel Lewis, seventh edition, published 1858.