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Stoke, East (St. Oswald)

STOKE, EAST (St. Oswald), a parish, in the union of Southwell, N. division of the wapentake of Thurgarton, S. division of the county of Nottingham, 3¾ miles (S. W.) from Newark; containing 385 inhabitants. On Stoke field was fought, in 1487, the decisive battle between the armies of Henry VII., and John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln, who had espoused the cause of Lambert Simnel; the earl and 4000 of his followers were slain. This is said to be the first action in which cannon was used with success. The village is pleasantly situated on the southern bank of the river Trent, and on the Roman fosse-road. The living is a discharged vicarage, with the livings of Coddington and Syerston annexed, valued in the king's books at £8. 13.; net income, £372; patron, the Chancellor of the Cathedral of Lincoln. The tithes were commuted for 250 acres of land, in 1795. The church is on an eminence in front of the Hall. There is a chapel of ease at Elston. An hospital dedicated to St. Leonard was founded here before the time of Henry I., for a master and brethren, a chaplain, and several sick persons; the revenue at the Dissolution was valued at £9.

Transcribed from A Topographical Dictionary of England, by Samuel Lewis, seventh edition, published 1858.