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Poughill (St. Olave)

POUGHILL (St. Olave), a parish, in the union and hundred of Stratton, E. division of Cornwall, 1 mile (N. W.) from Stratton; containing 472 inhabitants. This parish, which is situated on the shore of the Bristol Channel, comprises 1736 acres, whereof 79 are common or waste land. It is memorable as the scene of a celebrated battle which took place on the 16th of May, 1643, on Stamford Hill, and in which the parliamentarian forces, under the command of the Earl of Stamford, were signally defeated by the Cornish royalists, headed by Sir Beville Granville. At Burshill House, here, are preserved several articles of the costly furniture that once enriched the mansion of Stowe, among which is the bed in which Charles I. slept during his stay at that place. On the hill are some remains of an ancient square fort. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king's books at £6. 12. 1., and in the patronage of the Crown; impropriators, the landowners: the tithes have been commuted for £125, and the glebe consists of 3½ acres. The church is a plain edifice. There is a place of worship for Wesleyans.

Transcribed from A Topographical Dictionary of England, by Samuel Lewis, seventh edition, published 1858.