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CAMBRIDGE is one of the eastern counties, and is inland, though its borders reach within a few miles of the sea and the great inlet called the Wash, and include the ports of Wisbech and Ely: it shelves gradually down from the upper sources of the Ouse, in the chalk country, to the lowlands of the rivers, and includes within its bounds the Isle of Ely and much other marsh ground. The upper part of the shire lies between the Ouse and Cam, the two heads of the Ouse: the lower part lies between the Ouse and the Nene, and is watered by their channels: these streams run into the Wash.
Cambridgeshire runs very nearly north and south, between 52 deg. 1 min. and 52 deg. 45 min, north latitude, and 0 deg. 31 min. east and 0 deg. 16 min, west longitude from Greenwich, Cambridge being in very nearly the same longitude as London. The shape is oblong, the southern part being wider than the northern: the greatest length is about 51 miles from north to south, and the greatest bread th 32 miles, but at Ely the breadth is not more than about 15 miles. On the north it is bounded by Lincolnshire; on the east by the Wisbech canal and by the Welney, Croft, Ouse and Lark, and the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk; on the south by Essex, Herts and Bedfordshire; on the west by Huntingdonshire; and on the north-west by Northamptonshire and the Catwater stream.
Transcribed from Kelly's Directory of Cambridgeshire, 1916