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Wytham is a parish and village, bounded on three sides by the Isis, 3 miles north-west from Oxford, in the Northern division of the county, hundred of Hormer, petty sessional division and union of Abingdon, county court district of Oxford, rural deanery of Abingdon, archdeaconry of Berks and diocese of Oxford. The village is situated at the foot of a hill, on the snmmit of which was a castle, supposed to have been built by Kinewulf, king of the West Saxons, during his wars with Offa, king of the Mercians, who, after it had fallen into his hands, made it his residence; the battle through which Offa obtained possession of it was fought traditionally at a place called "Sandfield," in which neighbourhood Hearne, in his "Liber Niger," says that armour, swords, and human bones have been found.
Transcribed from Kelly's Directory of Berkshire, 1915