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Berkshire, commonly called Berks, is a southern inland shire, on the south bank of the navigable Thames, which forms its northern boundary mark, and in the valley of which it lies, approaching within 20 miles of London, and is about midway between the mouth of the Thames and the Bristol Channel. The county is of very irregular shape, with its greatest length of 43 miles from east to west, and with its greatest breadth of 30 miles from north to south at the western end.
The Isis, or Thames, divides it on the north from Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire; on the south-east it is bounded by Surrey, on the south by Hampshire, and on the west by Wiltshire. There is much woodland, in which grow hazel, oak, ash, beech and alder. The southern part of the county rises to the chalk range, but in the west the oolite begins. The great chalk range runs through the middle of the west to the south of Wallingford, and joins the Chiltern Hills and Marlborough Downs. Inkpen Beacon is the highest point of the chalk in the county, being 1,011 feet in height. The Berkshire Downs rise at White Horse Hill to 893 feet high.
Transcribed from Kelly's Directory of Berkshire, 1915