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Hagbourne East and West

Hagbourne East and West is a parish consisting of the township of East Hagbourne and liberty of West Hagbourne, in the Northern division of the county, hundred of Moreton, petty sessional division, union and county court district of Wallingford, rural deanery of Wallingford, archdeaconry of Berks and diocese of Oxford. East Hagbourne is 6 miles west-by-south from Wallingford, 2 south-east from Didcot Junction station on the Great Western railway, and 1½ from Upton station on the Didcot, Newbury and Winchester branch of the same line; West Hagbourne being within three-quarters of a mile. East Hagbourne is situate on a stream called in Saxon times "Hacca's-brook," from a person of that name; there is a charter of King Alfred which mentions both "Haccan Burn" and "Hacca-Broc," as can be seen in Kemble's "Codex Diplomaticus Ævi Saxonici;" this stream is derived from a spring rising in the old moat near the Manor Farm, and never known to be dry. In Domesday the place is called "Hacheborne" and was held at the time of the Great Survey by Walter, son of Otherius; Rainbald de Circestre (Cirencester) also held land here of the king. The manor is said to have been given by Henry I. to the monastery of Cirencester, which he had founded. Here the Parliamentary army under the Earl of Essex was quartered on the 24th of May, 1644.
Transcribed from Kelly's Directory of Berkshire, 1915