CLACKMANNAN, the county town, and a parish, in the county of CLACKMANNAN, 2 miles (E. S. E.) from Alloa, containing 5145 inhabitants, of whom 1077 are in the town. This place, the name of which, in the Gaelic language, signifies "the church town of Annan", anciently belonged to the Annandale family, of whom the last heiress, Agnes, conveyed it by marriage to the ancestor of the royal family of Bruce, on his first settling in Scotland, in the twelfth century. The Tower of Clackmannan is said to have been built by King Robert Bruce, on the site of the baronial residence of the family, soon after his accession to the throne; and it appears to have been the residence of several of his successors, kings of Scotland, till 1330, when it was granted by David II. to his kinsman, Robert Bruce, first lord of Clackmannan. The lordship continued in the possession of the descendants of that family, till the male line became extinct by the death of Henry Bruce, the last lord, in 1772, after which, on the decease of his lady, the lands became divided among various proprietors.