Lydd (All Saints)
LYDD (All Saints), a decayed market-town, and a parish, in the union of Romney-Marsh, hundred of Longport, lathe of Shepway, E. division of Kent, 3½ miles (S. S. W.) from New Romney; containing 1509 inhabitants. The town is situated at the extremity of the county, near the point of land which forms the bay of Dengeness. The market was on Thursday; a fair for pedlery is held on the last Monday in July. Lydd is a corporation by prescription, being a member of Romney, one of the cinqueports, and is governed by a bailiff, jurats, and commonalty; the bailiff is coroner, and the jurats are justices of the peace, with exclusive jurisdiction, and hold a general court of session. There is a small common gaol and house of correction. On the point Dengeness, a lighthouse, 110 feet in height, was built, in lieu of an ancient one, and partly on the model of the Eddystone lighthouse, under the direction of the late Mr. James Wyatt, architect. The parish comprises by admeasurement 6700 acres, of which about 750 are arable, and the rest pasture and sea-beach. Denge Marsh, with Southbrooks, is situated wholly within the parish, and contains nearly 3000 acres; lying to the south of Walland Marsh, which comprises about 16,500 acres. The living is a vicarage, in the patronage of the Archbishop of Canterbury (the appropriator), valued in the king's books at £55. 12. 1.: the great tithes have been commuted for £389. 11., and the vicarial for £1210. 9.; the glebe comprises 28 acres, with a house. The church is a spacious edifice of different dates, but principally in the early English style, with a fine tower in the later style, having crocketed pinnacles; it contains several monuments with brasses. There is a place of worship for Independents; also a school on the national plan, for the children of the poor.