Litchborough (St. Martin)
LITCHBOROUGH (St. Martin), a parish, in the union of Towcester, hundred of Fawsley, S. division of the county of Northampton, 5½ miles (N. W.) from Towcester; containing 408 inhabitants. This place is of great antiquity, being one of the four garrisoned towns taken by the Saxons in 571. In Domesday book, the abbey of Evesham is said to have held land here, but the monks appear to have alienated the property soon after: at a subsequent period the monasteries of Canons-Ashby, and St. James near Northampton, had possessions, which they retained until the Dissolution. Among the families formerly connected with the place, may be named those of Malorie and Needham. The parish comprises 1699a. 3r. 17p., in equal portions of arable and pasture; the surface is hilly, and the soil various, the greater portion red loam alternated with clay. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at £16. 9. 7.; patron and incumbent, the Rev. William Addington Taylor: the tithes have been commuted for £564. 6., and the glebe comprises 21 acres, with a house. There are two considerable charities, and a master receives a voluntary payment of £30 per annum from Lady Katherine Levison's charity, for education. Sir William Addington was born in the rectory-house.