Kippax (St. Mary)
KIPPAX (St. Mary), a parish, in the Lower division of the wapentake of Skyrack, W. riding of York, 8 miles (E. by S.) from Leeds; containing, with the townships of Allerton-Bywater, Great and Little Preston, and part of Ledstone, 2232 inhabitants, of whom 1214 are in the township of Kippax. This parish, in the Domesday survey Chepesch, is situated near the river Aire, and comprises by computation 4000 acres: the soil is a light mould, resting on limestone, and the scenery is picturesque. The village is on an eminence, and the surface generally rises gradually from the river towards the north. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king's books at £5. 7. 1.; net income, £329; patron, the Crown; impropriator, W. Hastings Medhurst, Esq., who is lord of the manor. The tithes were commuted for land, under acts of inclosure, in 1791 and 1805; the glebe comprises 50 acres, with a house. The church is an ancient structure. Here are places of worship for Primitive Methodists and Wesleyans. A school was founded about the year 1544, by George Goldsmith, who endowed it with land now producing £22 per annum; and there are four almshouses for widows, built by Sir John Bland, Bart.