Kearsley, or Kersley
KEARSLEY, or Kersley, a township, in the parish of Farnworth, union of Bolton, hundred of Salford, S. division of the county of Lancaster, 4 miles (S. E.) from Bolton; containing 3436 inhabitants. This place was until lately a township of the parish of Deane, but is now united to Farnworth, which see. It contains 990 acres, and is partly situated in a valley through which the Irwell flows; the Manchester and Bolton road, and Manchester and Bolton railway, also cross the township. Kearsley Hall, a plain gabled stone mansion, and the birthplace of the benevolent William Hulme, is a curious ancient building, fitted up originally with beautiful specimens of oak carving. Kersley-Mount House is the residence of William Stott, Esq., a large coal proprietor; it commands fine views. In the township are a papermill, three cotton-mills, very extensive chemical works, a stone-quarry, and fifteen coal-pits, all in operation, and in which the population is mainly employed. High-Style school was built by Henry Mather about 1752, and endowed with land now producing £250 a year, for the education of orphans and other poor children of the townships of Bolton, Kearsley, and Tonge with Haulgh; in this school 190 boys and girls are instructed: there is a house and garden for the master. The Swedenborgians have a meeting-house and a school. Kearsley Moss is much resorted to for turbary: oak and alder trees are found deeply imbedded in the peat; the timber is generally as black as ebony, but in a less perfect state of preservation than that which is usually obtained in these enormous beds of decayed vegetation.