Hoyland, Upper and Lower
HOYLAND, UPPER and LOWER, a chapelry, in the parish of Wath-upon-Dearne, N. division of the wapentake of Strafforth and Tickhill, W. riding of York, 5 miles (S. S. E.) from Barnsley; containing 2597 inhabitants. The chapelry is situated on the road from Barnsley to Sheffield, and comprises 2008a. 1r. 1p., of which 806 acres are arable, 955 grass-land, 117 wood, 95 in homesteads and orchards, and 34 canal; it is principally the property of Earl Fitzwilliam, who is lord of the manor. The substratum abounds with coal and ironstone, of the former of which three mines are in operation; and in the neighbourhood are the extensive iron-works called Milton Furnace: the manufacture of nails is also carried on to a great extent. The village is beautifully situated, and the surrounding scenery is picturesque. The Dearne and Dove canal, which passes the border of the chapelry, affords facility of conveyance. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the patronage of the Earl Fitzwilliam; net income, £150. The chapel, which was built towards the close of the last century, by Mr. Townsend and his sisters, was taken down in 1830, and a new one, dedicated to St. Peter, erected on its site, at an expense of £1976, of which £1000 were a grant from the Parliamentary Commissioners; it is in the later English style, with an embattled tower surmounted by a spire. A church built by the Earl Fitzwilliam, at Elsecar, in the township, was consecrated in 1843. There are places of worship for Independents and Wesleyans.