Houghton, with Middleton and Arbury
HOUGHTON, with Middleton and Arbury, a township, in the parish of Winwick, union of Warrington, hundred of West Derby, S. division of Lancashire, 3 miles (N. N. E.) from Warrington; containing 293 inhabitants. The three manors were granted by the baron of Newton at an early period to the Southworths, at first of Southworth, but afterwards of Samlesbury. Sir John Southworth, said to have been a favourite of Queen Elizabeth's, is supposed to have sold much of the family property in this quarter; which is extremely probable, as in the 11th of Charles I., of all the extensive possessions of the Southworths, the manor of Samlesbury was alone remaining: this, also, was sold in 1677. Among the more recent proprietors here, have been Thomas Claughton, Esq., of Haydock Lodge, and the Greenall family, of Warrington: John Greenall, Esq., is the present owner of most of the township. It comprises 840 acres, of which 285 are arable, 495 meadow and pasture, 28 wood, and 32 acres roads and waste; the surface is level, the soil loam and peat, and the district purely agricultural. The road between Warrington and Newton passes on the west. Middleton House, an ancient mansion, is the seat of Mr. Greenall. There is a very abundant spring, known as the Spa well, and formerly in high repute; the supply of water is so great that it has been in contemplation to convey it, under an act of parliament, to Warrington, for the use of the inhabitants. The tithes have been commuted for a yearly rent-charge of £120.