Hornchurch (St. Andrew)
HORNCHURCH (St. Andrew), a parish, within the liberty of Havering-atte-Bower, union of Romford, S. division of Essex, 14¼ miles (E. N. E.) from London; containing 2399 inhabitants. The parish extends from the road between Romford and Brentwood on the north, to the Thames on the south; and the Eastern-Counties railway crosses the northern part of it. An ironfoundry has been established, and there is also a brewery. A small fair is held on Whit-Monday. The living is a donative not in charge; net income, £740; patrons and impropriators, the Warden and Fellows of New College, Oxford. A priory, dedicated to St. Nicholas and St. Bernard, and forming a cell to the hospital of Monte Jovis, in Savoy, was instituted here about the reign of Henry II., and was purchased in that of Richard II. by William of Wykeham, for his foundation of New College.