HIPPERHOLME, with Brighouse, a township, in the parish and union of Halifax, wapentake of Morley, W. riding of York, 2½ miles (E. N. E.) from Halifax; containing 5421 inhabitants. This township, which takes its name from its elevated situation, overlooking the picturesque valley of the Calder, comprises by computation 2550 acres, including its several hamlets. The soil is generally fertile, and the scenery richly diversified; the substratum abounds with coal and freestone, for the conveyance of which facilities are afforded by the Calder and Hebble navigation, and by the Leeds and Manchester railway, which passes along the south side of the river Calder. There are places of worship for Independents and Wesleyans. The free grammar school at Hipperholme was founded in 1647, by Matthew Broadley, who bequeathed £40 for the erection of the building, and £500, and a rent-charge of £5, to be vested in land for the endowment, now producing an income of more than £60 per annum; which bequest was augmented by Samuel Sunderland, who in 1671 left property now yielding £100 per annum. Mr. Sunderland likewise bequeathed property at Norwood Green, producing £28 per annum, for distribution among indigent persons, who have also some smaller bequests.See Brighouse, Coley, and Lightcliffe.