HEATON, GREAT, a township, in the parish of Prestwich, union of Manchester, hundred of Salford, S. division of Lancashire, 4½ miles (N. by W.) from Manchester; containing 159 inhabitants. It is intersected by the road from Manchester to Heywood and Middleton, and comprises 837 acres, a considerable portion of which is meadow and pasture; the surface is undulated and hilly, the soil of a sandy nature but fertile, and the scenery pleasing from many points of view. The river Irk skirts the south-eastern boundary, and supplies water to several manufactories, but none of them are within the township. Heaton House, the seat of the Earl of Wilton, is a handsome structure of stone, erected by Wyatt, with columns of the Ionic order, and a circular projection in the centre, surmounted by a spacious dome; it stands in a verdant and well-wooded park, five miles in circumference, at the entrance to which is an elegant Doric lodge. At some distance from the mansion, on a bold eminence, is a circular temple, commanding extensive views into the four adjoining counties of Cheshire, Derby, Stafford, and York. Races are annually held at Heaton Park, and are attended by numerous distinguished supporters of the turf. The tithes have been commuted for £75.