Harewood (All Saints)
HAREWOOD (All Saints), a parish, partly in the Upper division of the wapentake of Claro, and partly in the Upper division of the wapentake of Skyrack, W. riding of York; comprising the townships of Alwoodley, Dunkeswick, Harewood, East Keswick, Weardley, Weeton, Wigton, and part of Wick; and containing 2706 inhabitants, of whom 890 are in the township of Harewood, 8 miles (N.) from Leeds. This place appears to have belonged, soon after the Conquest, to the Romeli family, by one of whom a castle was erected on the acclivity of a hill, at the base of which winds the river Wharfe, about the same time as the foundation of the church. After being for many years the baronial residence of that family, Harewood became the property of Lord Strafford, who, about 1633, obtained for the inhabitants a charter for a weekly market to be held on Monday, a fair to continue 14 days, and two other fairs of one day each. The castle and lands afterwards passed to the Lascelles family, of whom Edwin Lascelles, Esq., ancestor of the earls of Harewood, before he was raised to the peerage, in 1790 abandoned the ancient castle as a residence, and on a spot which he selected on the opposite side of the hill, built the present splendid family seat, at an expense of more than £100,000. The remains of the castle are of stately appearance.
The parish comprises about 12,200 acres, of which 3850 are in the township of Harewood: the portions of arable, pasture, and woodland are nearly equal; the soil is of various qualities, and the scenery in many situations of great diversity and beauty, the higher grounds commanding rich views of the vale of the Wharfe. The village, which is on the road from Leeds to Harrogate, consists of two spacious streets, and has a very handsome appearance, the old houses having been rebuilt in a style of neatness and uniformity; on the south side is the beautiful residence of the Hon. Arthur Lascelles, and on the west is the vicarage-house, surrounded by fine grounds. The market, and the fair for 14 days, have been discontinued; but the two other fairs are held, on the last Monday in April, and the second and last Monday in October. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king's books at £14. 1. 10.; net income, £447; patrons, Mrs. Wheeler and the Parishioners; impropriators, the Earl of Harewood, and George Lane Fox, Esq. The tithes were commuted for land in 1790; the glebe comprises about 300 acres. The church was erected in the reign of Edward III., on the site of the former structure, which was built soon after the Conquest; it is a handsome edifice in the decorated English style, and contains several stately monuments to ancient possessors of Harewood, and one to the memory of Sir William Gascoigne, Knt., lord chief justice in the reign of Henry IV., the upright judge who, for an insult offered to the dignity of the bench, committed to prison the Prince of Wales, afterwards Henry V. There is a place of worship for Wesleyans. Harewood gives the titles of Baron and Earl to the family of Lascelles, that of baron bearing date 1796, and that of earl, 1812.