Hanslope (St. James)
HANSLOPE (St. James), a parish, in the union of Newport-Pagnell, hundred of Newport, county of Buckingham, 4½ miles (N. N. E.) from Stony-Stratford; containing 1553 inhabitants. The parish belonged to William Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, who, in 1293, obtained the grant of a market on Thursday, and a fair commencing on the festival of St. James and to continue for 15 days, both which have been discontinued. The manufacture of lace employs from 500 to 600 women and children: in connexion with the trade are schools where children are taught to work, from the age of five years till eleven or twelve years old, when they are able to support themselves. The London and Birmingham railway passes about a mile to the south-west of the church. There are several quarries which afford materials for building, and for mending the roads; and a fair for cattle is held on Holy-Thursday. The living is a vicarage not in charge, with the living of Castlethorpe annexed; net income, £90; patron, G. Hyde, Esq. The church, which was erected in 1409, by Thomas Knight, clerk, has a lofty tower surmounted by an octagonal fluted spire, rising to a height of 200 feet; the spire was destroyed by lightning in 1804, but has been rebuilt in its original form. There are places of worship for Baptists and Wesleyans. William Watts, Esq., has built and endowed a school; and there are several charitable bequests, in the aggregate amounting to more than £100 per annum, distributed among the poor of the parish.