Goldcliff (St. Mary Magdalene)

GOLDCLIFF (St. Mary Magdalene), a parish, in the union of Newport, division of Christchurch, hundred of Caldicot, county of Monmouth, 4½ miles (S. E.) from Newport; containing 282 inhabitants. The parish is bounded by the Bristol Channel on the south, where the cliff whence its name is derived rises abruptly from the extremity of a marshy flat to a height of about 100 feet above the level of the sea; it is a single rock, consisting of a horizontal stratum of limestone, under which is a body of hard brown grit, full of yellow mica. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king's books at £13. 2. 6.; patrons and impropriators, the Provost and Fellows of Eton College: the great tithes have been commuted for £18, and the vicarial for £17. 5. 6. The church was founded and liberally endowed in 1113, by Robert de Chandos, who, by the desire of Henry I., gave it to the abbey of Bec, in Normandy, upon which a prior and twelve Black monks were placed here. In 1442, after the suppression of alien priories, the establishment was made a cell to the abbey of Tewkesbury; and at the Dissolution it possessed a revenue of £144. 18. 1.: some slight remains still exist.

Transcribed from A Topographical Dictionary of England, by Samuel Lewis, 7th edition, published in 1848.

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