Gayton (St. Mary)
GAYTON (St. Mary), a parish, in the union and hundred of Towcester, S. division of the county of Northampton, 4¼ miles (N. by E.) from Towcester; containing 428 inhabitants. The parish comprises 1711a. 2r. 19p., of which 39 acres are waste land or common. The soil varies from a rich loam to a heavy clay; the substratum is generally limestone, alternated with rubble, and limestone is quarried for rough building, and for burning into lime. The Grand Junction canal, and the London and Birmingham railway pass through the parish, within half a mile of the village; and upon the line of the latter is a station at Blisworth, within a mile and a half. In the ancient manor-house, now a farmhouse, Charles I. took refuge after the battle of Naseby, and assembled there a council of war. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at £15. 5. 2½., and in the gift of Sidney-Sussex College, Cambridge: the tithes have been commuted for £530, and the glebe comprises 72 acres. The church is an ancient structure in the decorated English style, containing many interesting monuments, which have been restored at the expense of the Rev. Geo. Butler, D.D., who has also beautified the chancel, and inserted stained glass in the windows. Several cottages, and £40 per annum, have been bequeathed to the poor. The remains of a Roman villa have been discovered by Dr. Butler, in a field called the Warren, in which were about 30 copper coins, and a bronze statue of Cupid.