FOUNTAIN'S-EARTH, a township, in the chapelry of Middlesmoor, parish of Kirkby-Malzeard, union of Pateley-Bridge, Lower division of the wapentake of Claro, W. riding of York, 3¾ miles (S. W. by W.) from Ripon; containing 435 inhabitants. The township comprises 6833 acres, of which 2312 are meadow and pasture, 311 arable, 210 wood, and about 4000 common or moorland; the surface is varied, the scenery in some parts picturesque and beautiful. The river Nidd has its source near one extremity of the township; it enters above the hamlet of Lofthouse through an arched fissure, called the Goydon Pot-Hole, into a huge rock of limestone, and pursues a subterranean course of more than two miles. Coal and lead mines have been wrought, and copperas was obtained; but at present no works are carried on. The vicarial tithes have been commuted for £38. 14., and the impropriate for £37. 10., payable to Trinity College, Cambridge. There is a place of worship for dissenters; and at Lofthouse is a grammar school, endowed by John Lazenby, in 1734, with land now let for £27 per annum. At a place called Helks, in the township, are two kinds of tumuli; and traces of an encampment, and also Druidical remains, are visible.