Figheldean (St. Michael)
FIGHELDEAN (St. Michael), a parish, in the union and hundred of Amesbury, Everley and Pewsey, and S. divisions of Wilts, 4¼ miles (N.) from Amesbury; containing, with the hamlet of Ablington, 510 inhabitants. This parish, called in the Domesday survey Fisgledene, is within the borders of Salisbury Plain, and comprises about 5600 acres, chiefly in large sheep and corn farms; the soil is generally a light loam, mixed with flints, resting on a deep substratum of solid chalk. The chalk is quarried for building and for manure, and considerable quantities are manufactured into lime and whiting. The village is pleasantly situated on the eastern bank of the river Avon, which is here a clear and rapid stream, abounding with trout. The living is a discharged vicarage, with a sinecure rectory, in the patronage of the Bishop of Salisbury, valued in the king's books at £37: a rent-charge of £852 is paid to the impropriators; the vicarial tithes have been commuted for £176. 14. 8., and a glebe-house is attached to the living. The church, situated on an eminence rising from the Avon, is a massive structure, chiefly of Norman character, containing the remains of the ancient rood-loft, a piscina, and a stoup.