Denbury (St. Mary)

DENBURY (St. Mary), a parish, in the union of Newton-Abbott, hundred of Haytor, Teignbridge and S. divisions of Devon, 2½ miles (S. W. by S.) from Newton-Abbott; containing 470 inhabitants. This place, which is said to have been anciently a borough, belonged, with the manor, to the abbot of Tavistock, who in 1285 obtained for it a weekly market and a fair, the former of which is disused. The parish comprises by admeasurement 1075 acres: lime-quarries are in operation for supplying manure, and slate is wrought for the roofing of houses; large pieces of manganese have been occasionally discovered on the north side of the village. About 30 looms are engaged in the making of serge for the factories at Ashburton and Buckfastleigh, and many of the male population go to Newfoundland in the summer season for employment in the fisheries. The fair is held on the 19th of September. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at £12. 7. 6., and in the gift of the Duke of Bedford: the tithes have been commuted for £186, and the glebe contains 16 acres, with a glebe-house. A national school is endowed with about £30 per annum. On the hill called Denburydown is a military work, supposed to be Roman, covering a space of 6 or 7 acres; the eminence itself, which appears to be of volcanic origin, is composed of greenstone.

Transcribed from A Topographical Dictionary of England, by Samuel Lewis, 7th edition, published in 1848.

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