Deeping, Market (St. Guthlack)
DEEPING, MARKET (St. Guthlack), a market-town and parish, in the union of Bourne, wapentake of Ness, parts of Kesteven, county of Lincoln, 43 miles (S. S. E.) from Lincoln, and 86 (N. by W.) from London; containing 1219 inhabitants. This place derived its name from its situation among deep or low meadows, or pastures, formerly the receptacle of many streams in the lowest part of the Fens; and its origin from Richard de Rulos, chamberlain to William the Conqueror, who built several houses on the dykes that he had constructed to confine within its channels the river Welland, which frequently inundated the adjoining grounds. The neighbourhood has been greatly improved by draining, which has been successfully and extensively practised; and several tracts of land have been recovered, and rendered fit for culture. The houses are in general old and inconveniently built: there is an ample supply of water from the Welland, which is navigable, and affords facility for the conveyance of coal, grocery, and other articles of merchandise. The market is on Wednesday; the fairs are on the second Wednesday in May, O. S., and on Oct. 10th, for cattle and toys. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at £16. 1. 3., and in the patronage of the Crown, with a net income of £579: the tithes of this parish and of Deeping St. James' were commuted for land and money payments in 1806. The church is an ancient structure, containing many portions of its original Norman architecture, though principally in the later English style. There is a place of worship for Independents. The accumulated bequests of various benefactors produce an income of £100, from which a schoolroom, with a dwelling-house for the master, was built in 1815, at an expense of £500.