Cowley (St. James)
COWLEY (St. James), a parish, in the union of Headington, hundred of Bullington, county of Oxford, 2½ miles (S. E. by E.) from Oxford; containing 606 inhabitants. The living is a perpetual curacy; net income, £64; patrons and appropriators, the Dean and Canons of Christ-Church, Oxford. Part of the parish is called Temple-Cowley, from some lands having been given by Matilda, in the reign of Stephen, to the Knights Templars, who had a preceptory here, which was afterwards removed to Sandford. To the north of Cowley Marsh are some remains of an hospital, dedicated to St. Bartholomew, and thought by Tanner to have been founded by Henry I., when he built his palace at Beaumont; it was granted by Edward III. to Oriel College, as a retreat for the students in time of pestilence.