Clifford (St. Mary)

CLIFFORD (St. Mary), a parish, in the union of Hay, hundred of Huntington, county of Hereford, 2 miles (N. E.) from Hay; containing, with part of the township of Vowmine, 892 inhabitants. The parish is situated on the borders of Wales, from which it is separated, on the west, by the Wye, the river also bounding it on the north and north-east; it comprises by measurement 5500 acres, and the soil is in general clay and a sandy loam. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king's books at £4. 10.; net income, £300; patron and incumbent, the Rev. John Trumper; impropriators, the landowners. There is a place of worship for Independents. Some portions of Clifford Castle are still remaining, in a ruinous condition: it stood on a bold eminence, projecting over the Wye, and was the baronial residence of the lords de Clifford for two centuries, and also, it is supposed, the birthplace of Fair Rosamond. Here was likewise a convent of Cluniac monks, founded by one of the lords, as a cell to the priory of Lewes, in Sussex: at the Dissolution its revenue was estimated at £75. 7. 5. Lord de Clifford derives his title from the parish.

Transcribed from A Topographical Dictionary of England, by Samuel Lewis, 7th edition, published in 1848.

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