CANFIELD, GREAT, a parish, in the union and hundred of Dunmow, N. division of Essex, 5 miles (S. W.) from Dunmow; containing 496 inhabitants. The parish obtained the appellation of Canfield ad Castrum, from a castle supposed to have been founded here by the De Veres, but of which there are no remains. It comprises 2471a. 3r. 6p.; the soil is fertile, and the surrounding country is agreeable, and in some parts enriched with wood. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king's books at £13; net income, £140; patron and impropriator, J. M. Wilson, Esq. The church is a small ancient edifice, with a tower of stone.