Caer-Went (St. Stephen)

CAER-WENT (St. Stephen), a parish, in the union and division of Chepstow, hundred of Caldicot, county of Monmouth, 5½ miles (W. S. W.) from Chepstow, on the road to Newport; containing, with the hamlet of Crick, 446 inhabitants. The parishes of Caerwent and Llanvair-Discoed comprise by estimation 1736a. 7p., of which 953a. 1r. are arable, 511a. 20p. pasture and meadow, and 271a. 2r. 27p. woodland: for the most part, the surface is level, and the soil dry and gravelly. Caer-went, now an inconsiderable village, was anciently a Roman station, the Venta Silurum of Antoninus' Itinerary, and is supposed to have been the site of the capital city of the Britons in Siluria: it is still partially environed by the original Roman walls, inclosing an area about a mile in circumference. The turnpike-road to Newport, the course of which here runs upon part of the Akeman-street, passes through the centre, where formerly stood the eastern and western gates; and coins, fragments of columns, statues, and some beautiful tessellated pavements, belonging to the Romans, have been discovered. The village is pleasantly situated upon ground somewhat elevated above the level tract around it; and at a small distance are the magnificent remains of Caldicot Castle, formerly possessed by the Bohuns, earls of Hereford. The living is a discharged vicarage, endowed with the rectorial tithes, and with the perpetual curacy of Llanvair-Discoed annexed; it is valued in the king's books at £7. 11. 8., and is in the gift of the Dean and Chapter of Llandaff: the tithes have been commuted for £249. 2., and the glebe comprises 6 acres, with a house attached. The church, consisting of a nave and chancel, with a square embattled tower, exhibits portions of the early and decorated English styles. There is a place of worship for Particular Baptists. At Crick is a house, now a farm residence, in which King Charles was concealed for some time.

Transcribed from A Topographical Dictionary of England, by Samuel Lewis, 7th edition, published in 1848.

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