Burton-Upon-Stather (St. Andrew)
BURTON-UPON-STATHER (St. Andrew), a parish, in the union of Glandford-Brigg, N. division of the wapentake of Manley, parts of Lindsey, county of Lincoln, 35½ miles (N. by W.) from Lincoln, and 164½ (N. by W.) from London; containing, with the hamlets of Normanby and Thealby, and part of that of Coleby, 799 inhabitants, of whom 429 are in the township of Burton. The parish comprises by measurement 3510 acres, the soil varying, through several gradations, from light sand to strong clay; a considerable portion is of a yellow colour, resembling ochre, and leaves a dark and indelible stain on the clothes of the ploughman. Along the side of the river Trent is a hill of considerable elevation, forming a kind of terrace six or seven miles in length, and commanding an uninterrupted view, as far as the eye can reach, of the county of York, and part of Nottingham. The village is situated on the brow of a hill, at the foot of which flows the river, where there is a wharf, called Stather. It was formerly of much greater extent than it is at present, having been reduced by a tempest that destroyed several houses, and injured the church. A market was once held on Tuesday, and there are still fairs on the first Monday in May, and the first Monday after Martinmas. The living is a vicarage, consolidated in 1729 with the rectory of Flixborough, and valued in the king's books at £12: the tithes were commuted for land and money payments in 1803. On the summit of Alkborough Hill is a kind of labyrinth called the Julian Tower, supposed to be the remains of a Roman fortification.