Burton, Black, or Burton-in-Lonsdale
BURTON, BLACK, or Burton-in-Lonsdale, a chapelry, in the parish of Thornton, union of Settle, W. division of the wapentake of Staincliffe and Ewcross, W. riding of York, 12 miles (N. W.) from Settle; containing 629 inhabitants. This place was anciently the baronial residence of the Mowbray family, and on the attainder of John de Mowbray, in the reign of Edward II., was forfeited to the crown; but from an inquisition taken in the reign of Edward III., it appears that the same John de Mowbray died possessed of the manor, which is now the property of Hornby Roughsedge, Esq., of Bentham House, who has enfranchised the lands, reserving only his right of holding a manorial court. The township comprises by computation 1552 acres, and is situated on the road between Lancaster and Richmond, the former of which places is the posttown: the surface is varied, and the lower grounds are watered by the river Greta. The substratum abounds with coal of very good quality, and a mine has been opened, but the operation of it is impeded by the water of the river, which, finding an entrance, prevents its being worked with any considerable profit: clay of good quality for earthenware is also found, and a manufacture of the coarser kinds of pottery is carried on. A pleasure-fair is held on Whit-Monday. The chapel is a neat structure, and the living is a perpetual curacy; net income, £94; patron, the Vicar of Thornton.