Broughton (St. Mary)
BROUGHTON (St. Mary), a parish, in the union of Banbury, hundred of Bloxham, county of Oxford, 2 miles (W. S. W.) from Banbury; containing, with the hamlet of North Newington, 629 inhabitants. The parish is pleasantly situated on the road from Banbury to Shipston-upon-Stour. Broughton Castle was erected by the De Broughton family about the reign of Edward I.: many interesting portions of the original building remain, but the greater part of the present mansion was erected by the Fenys or Fiennes family, about the reign of James I. The castle was a place of sufficient strength to oppose some resistance to the royalist troops after the battle of Edge-Hill. The whole of the buildings have a venerable and interesting appearance, and are surrounded by a deep moat, 80 feet broad, over which is a bridge forming the only entrance, through a square embattled gateway tower. The interior contains several magnificent apartments, adorned with paintings, and displaying some beautiful specimens of ancient architecture. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at £18. 16. 0½.; net income, £539; patron and incumbent, the Rev. Charles F. Wyatt. The church, situated near the bridge leading to the castle, is an interesting structure, chiefly of the thirteenth century, but partly in the decorated and partly in the later style of English architecture, and contains some splendid monuments.