AUSTERFIELD, a chapelry, in the parish of Blythe, union of Doncaster, N. division of the wapentake of Strafforth and Tickhill, W. riding of York, 1¼ mile (N. N. E.) from Bawtry; containing 314 inhabitants. This place is in Domesday book called Oustrefield, and derives its name probably from some old form of the cardinal point of the compass, east; though the name is said by some to be derived from the Roman general Ostorius, who was defeated here by the Britons. It was formerly the property, in succession, of the families of Busli, Vipont, De Spenser, and Neville, from whom it passed to the crown; and has since descended, with Bawtry, to the present owner. The township comprises 2710 acres, including the hamlet of Brancroft and Finningley Park. The small tithes of the common were commuted for land in 1765.