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Cottenham, Cambridgeshire

Historical Description

Cottenham, a village and a parish in Cambridgeshire. The village stands 2 miles S of the Old West river, 2½ SW from Oakington station on the G.E.R., and 6½ N of Cambridge, and has a post, money order, and telegraph office under Cambridge. It is the place where the monks of the Abbot of Croyland, in the early part of the 12th century, established courses of lectures which resulted in a regular system of academical education at Cambridge, and it gives the title of Baron and Earl to the family of Pepys. The parish comprises 7224 acres; population, 2517. The manor belonged in the beginning of the 12th century, to Geoffry, abbot of Croyland. The land was long famous for pasture, and for the produce of a fine cream cheese, called the Cottenham cheese. It is now chiefly famous for its fruit, of which an immense quantity is produced. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Ely; net yearly value, £561 with residence. Patron, the Bishop of Ely. The church is a building of stone and nibble in the Decorated and Perpendicular styles, and consists of nave, aisles, and chancel, with a lofty tower. There are two Baptist and one Wesleyan chapel. Archbishop Tenison and Lord Chancellor Cottenham were natives. The charities produce about £420 a year.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5


The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.

Ancient CountyCambridgeshire 
Ecclesiastical parishCottenham All Saints 
Poor Law unionChesterton 

Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.

Civil Registration

For general information about Civil Registration (births, marriages and deaths) see the Civil Registration page.

Directories & Gazetteers

We have transcribed the entry for Cottenham from the following:

Land and Property

The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for Cambridgeshire is available to browse.


Online maps of Cottenham are available from a number of sites:

Newspapers and Periodicals

The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following Cambridgeshire papers online:

Visitations Heraldic

The Visitations of Cambridgeshire 1575 and 1619 is available online.

DistrictSouth Cambridgeshire
Postal districtCB24
Post TownCambridge