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Stowe, Buckinghamshire

Historical Description

Stowe, a parish, with three hamlets, in Bucks, 2¾ miles NNW of Buckingham railway station. Post town and telegraph office, Dadford, under Buckingham; money order office, Shalstone. Acreage, 3045 of land and 43 of water; population, 311. The manor, with Stowe House, belongs to the Kinloss family. Stowe House is in the Grecian style, of centre and wings, with a frontage of 916 feet; is a magnificent structure, internally as well as externally; contains many fine apartments, an armoury with a valuable collection of arms and armour, a library with about 20,000 volumes, and many valuable portraits by Rubens, Vandyck, Lely, Kneller, Gainsborough, and others. It is distinguished both by its own architecture and by the decorations of its ornamental gardens, which extend to about 500 acres, and were laid out by the celebrated " Capability " Brown. The park extends to about 800 acres. The mansion was occupied for some years by the Comte de Paris, head of the royal house of France, and he died there in 1894. Boycott Manor House, a modern erection in the Tudor style, is the seat of the Higgins family. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Oxford; net value, £122 with residence. Patron, the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos. The church, which stands in the grounds of Stowe House, is a building of stone in mixed Gothic styles.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5


The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.

Ancient CountyBuckinghamshire 
Ecclesiastical parishStowe St. Mary 
Poor Law unionBuckingham 

Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.

Church Records

The parish register dates from the year 1568.


Church of England

St. Mary (parish church)

The church of St. Mary, surrounded by the private grounds of Stowe House, is a building of stone in mixed styles, with some Decorated windows, consisting of chancel, nave, aisles, north or Penyston chapel, south porch and a western tower containing 5 bells: a stained window was inserted in 1890 by the Baroness Kinloss C.I. as a memorial to her parents the 3rd and last Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, d. 26 March, 1889, and Caroline (Harvey) his 1st wife, d. 28 Feb. 1874, and there are memorials to previous Dukes and other owners of the estate, and in the chancel brasses to Alice Saunders, c. 1479, and John Temple, 1592, and Hester, his wife: in the chapel are memorials of the Penystons, including a figure of Hester Penyston, 1617: the church alfords 250 sittings.

Civil Registration

Stowe was in Buckingham Registration District from 1844 to 1935

Directories & Gazetteers

We have transcribed the entry for Stowe from the following:

Land and Property

The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for Buckinghamshire is available to browse.


Online maps of Stowe are available from a number of sites:

Newspapers and Periodicals

The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following Buckinghamshire papers online:

Villages, Hamlets, &c


Visitations Heraldic

A full transcript of the Visitation of Buckinghamshire, 1634 is online