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Worcestershire, England

Historical Description

Worcestershire or Worcester, an inland county bounded on the NW by Salop, on the N by Staffordshire, on the E by Warwickshire, on the S by Gloucestershire, and on the W by Herefordshire. Its outline is very irregularly quadrangular. Its boundaries are mostly artificial. Its greatest length from N to S is about 34 miles; its greatest breadth is about 30 miles, its circuit is about 220 miles; and its area is 480,560 acres. The surface exhibits fine diversity of valley and hill, well watered and richly wooded, abounds everywhere with soft pleasing scenery, and includes many vantage-grounds, particularly the Malvern Hills on the SW boundary, commanding extensive delightful views. The chief rivers are the Severn, the Avon, the Stour, and the Teme. Igneous and upper Silurian rocks occupy small tracts in the W and SW, carboniferous rocks, including coal and ironstone, form a considerable tract in the NW around Bewdley, and trias rocks, variously new red sandstone, Bunter sandstone, and keuper marl, form nearly all the rest of the county. Quartz occurs in the Malvem and Lickey Hills, granite, syenite, and greenstone in the Malverns, limestone among the Silurian rocks, basalt in the Cawney and the Tansley Hills, rock salt at Stoke Prior, brine springs at Stoke Prior and Droitwich, and medicinal springs at Malvern, Evesham, Flyford Flavel, and Kidderminster.

Strong clay is the prevailing soil, a rich loamy sand abounds in the N, light sand and peat earth are in some parts of the E, and a rich alluvium is in some parts of the valley of the Severn and its tributary streams. Wheat, barley, beans, potatoes, and hops are the principal crops. Market-gardening is largely carried on, and apples and pears for the production of cider and perry, are extensively cultivated. Various breeds of cattle are fattened, sheep of the Leicester, Cotswold, Malvern, and other breeds are numerous, and hogs are kept for bacon.

The mineral wealth of the county is in coal, iron, and salt. The collieries, iron mines, and iron works are chiefly situated at Dudley. Chain cables are made at Cradley and Netherton, agricultural implements at Worcester, nails at Bromsgrove and Halesowen, needles and fish-hooks at Redditch. Salt is extensively produced at Droitwich. Kidderminster is an important seat of the carpet manufacture; Worcester is renowned for the manufacture of fine porcelain and glass; and fire-bricks are largely made at Stourbridge. The manufacture of gloves is an old established industry at Worcester. Among the miscellaneous industries of the county are alkali, vitriol, and vinegar works, paper-mills, mailings, breweries, crate-works, tanyards, and manufactories of combs, buttons, lanterns, woollen and worsted goods, &c.

According to the census returns issued in 1893, the chief occupations of the people of the county were:—Professional, 7114 males and 5440 females; domestic, 1288 males and 28,265 females; commercial, 15,885 males and 711 females; agricultural, 21,232 males and 1107 females; fishing, 33 males; industrial, 79,578 males and 28,352 females; and "unoccupied," including retired business men, pensioners, those living on their own means, and others not specified, 25,751 males and 108,238 females; or a total in the county of 150,881 males and 172,113 females. The number of men employed in the leading industries was as follows:— Agricultural labourers, 11,653; general labourers, 7972; iron and steel manufacturers, 6779 ; gardeners and nurserymen, 5079; and carpet rug manufacturers, 3931. The chief occupations of women were—domestic service, with a total of 22,605; millinery and dressmaking, 5502; and carpet rug manufacturers, 3440. There were also in the county 421 blind persons, 251 deaf, 314 deaf and dumb, and 1963 mentally deranged.

Navigation seaward is enjoyed by the Severn, and very extensive inland navigation by connected canals. Railways traverse all sections of the county, and afford facile communication both within itself and to all parts of the kingdom.

The administrative county under the Local Government Act of 1888 includes part of the civil parish of Ipsley in Warwickshire, but excludes part of the county borough of Birmingham, and has an area of 480,342 acres, and a population of 385,309. It includes the city and county borough of Worcester, the county borough of Dudley, the municipal boroughs of Bewdley, Droitwich, Evesham, and Kidderminster, and 223 civil parishes and parts of five others. It has one court of quarter sessions, and is divided into twenty petty sessional divisions. Worcester has a separate commission of the peace, and a separate court of quarter sessions, and the other boroughs have separate commissions of the peace. Other towns are Bromsgrove, Halesowen, Malvern, Oldbury, Pershore, Redditch, Stourbridge, Stourport, and Tenbury. The county formerly returned four members to the House of Commons, but since 1885 it returns five members in five divisions, Western or Bewdley, Southern or Evesham, Mid or Droitwich, Northern, and Eastern. It also contains the parliamentary boroughs of Worcester and Kidderminster, and parts of the parliamentary boroughs of Birmingham and Dudley. Under the Redistribution of Seats Act of 1885, the boroughs of Bewdley, Droitwich, and Evesham were disfranchised, and Worcester lost one member. The ancient county contains 217 ecclesiastical parishes with parts of twelve others, and is almost entirely within the diocese of Worcester. The county is governed by a lord-lieutenant and a county council consisting of 19 aldermen and 57 councillors. It is in the Oxford judiciary circuit, and the North-Western military district. The assizes and the quarter sessions are held at Worcester, and H.M. prison is there. The county lunatic asylum is at Powick, and the county reformatory for boys at Shelsley Beauchamp. Population in 1801, 146,441; in 1821, 194,074; in 1841, 248,460; in 1861, 307,397; in 1881, 380,283; and in 1891, 413,760.

The territory now forming Worcestershire was inhabited by the ancient British Cornavii, Dobuni, and Silures, was divided by the Romans between their Flavia Cæsariensis and their Britannia Secunda, formed most of the commonwealth of Hwiccas, was afterwards all incorporated with Mercia, went as an earldom after the Norman Conquest to the D'Abitots, the Beauchamps, and others, and was the scene of the great battles of Evesham and Worcester. It is traversed by Ryknield Street and the Upper Salt Way, had Roman settlements at Upton and Worcester, and retains ancient British barrows on Clent Heath, Roman camps at three places, a Danish camp at Conderton, and ruined mediaeval castles at four places. About twenty-eight monastic establishments were in it, and remains of five of them still exist. Worcester Cathedral and about eighteen parish churches show interesting features of ancient architecture.

The following, according to the Redistribution of Seats Act of 1885, are the parliamentary divisions of Worcestershire, which do not appear under any specific name and return one member each to the House of Commons:—

The Northern Division (population, 58,439) includes the following:—Halesowen—Cakemore, Frankley, Halesowen, Hasbury, Hawn, Hill, Hunnington, Illey, Lapal, Ridgacre, Romsley, Warley Salop (part of), Warley Wigorn (part of); Northfield (part of)—Northfield; Oldbury—Oldbury, Warley Wigon (part of), Warley Salop (part of); Stourbridge (part of)—Cradley, Lutley, Lye.

The Eastern Division (population, 59,356) includes the following:—Bromsgrove (part of)—Bromsgrove, Tutnall and Cobley (part of); Northfield (except the parish of Northfield)—Alvechurch (part of), Coston Hackett, King's Norton, Yardley; Redditch (part of)—Alvechurch (part of), Beoley, Oldberrow, Redditch, Tutnall and Cobley (part of).


Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5

Archives and Libraries

County Hall Branch
Worcestershire Record Office,
County Hall,
Spetchley Road,
Worcester
WR5 2NP
Tel: (01905) 766351 / 766355
Fax:(01905) 766363
Minicom: 766399
Email: Record Office

Worcestershire Archive and Archaeology Service
The Hive
Sawmill Walk
The Butts
Worcester
WR1 3PD
Telephone: 01905 822866


Civil Registration

For general information about Civil Registration (births, marriages and deaths) see the Civil Registration page.

List of Registration Districts in Worcestershire from 1837 to 1974.


Directories & Gazetteers

The Historical Directories web site have a number of directories relating to Worcestershire online, including:
Kelly's, Pigot, Slater, etc.

We have transcribed the entry for Worcestershire from the following:


Land and Property

The Worcester - Return of Owners of Land in 1873 is available online.


Maps

Old map of Worcestershire circa 1848 (Samuel Lewis)

Old map of Worcestershire circa 1895 (Gazetteer of England and Wales)


Newspapers and Periodicals

The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following Worcestershire papers online:


Parishes & places

Abberley
Abberton
Abbotts Morton
Acocks Green
Acton Beauchamp
Alderminster
Aldington
Alfrick
Alvechurch
Areley Kings
Astley
Aston Magna
Astwood Bank
Badsey
Barbourne
Barnards Green
Bartley
Bayton
Belbroughton
Bengeworth
Bentley Pauncefoot, or Lower and Upper Bentley
Beoley
Berrow
Berrow Hill
Besford
Bevere
Bewdley
Birlingham
Birtsmorton
Bishampton
Blackwell (station)
Blakedown
Blockley
Bockleton
Bordesley Park
Boughton
Bournville
Bransford
Bredicot
Bredon
Bretforton
Broadheath
Broadwas
Broadway
Bromsgrove or Broomsgrove
Broom or Broome
Broomhill
Broughton Hackett
Bushley
Cakebole
Cakemore
Callow Hill
Castle Morton or Morton Foliot
Catshill or Chadshill
Chaceley
Chaddesley Corbett
Charlton
Church Honeybourne
Church Lench
Churchill
Churchill in Halfshire
Cleeve Prior
Clent
Clifton on Teme
Cofton Hackett
Conderton
Cookley
Cotheridge
Cowsdon
Cradley
Croome Hill
Cropthorne
Crowle
Crutch
Cutnal Green
Cutsdean
Darby End
Daylesford
Defford
Doddenham
Dodderhill
Dormston
Doverdale
Droitwich
Droitwich Canal
Dudley
Dunhampstead
Dunley
Eardiston
Earls Croome
Eastham
Easton Court
Eckington
Eldersfield
Elmbridge
Elmley Castle
Elmley Lovett
Evenlode
Evesham
Far Forest or Bewdley Far Forest
Feckenham
Finstall
Fladbury
Flyford Flavel
Frankley
Grafton Flyford
Grafton Manor
Great Comberton
Great Malvern
Great Witley
Grimley
Guarlford
Hadsor
Hagley
Halesowen
Hall Green
Ham Castle
Ham Court
Hampton Lovett
Hampton or Great Hampton
Hanbury
Hanley Castle
Hanley Child
Hanley William
Hartlebury
Harvington
Hasbury
Hawn
Headley Heath
Heightington
Hill
Hillhampton
Himbleton
Hindlip
Holdfast
Holly Hall
Holt
Holt Heath
Holycross
Hopwood
Howsell, Lower and Upper
Huddington
Hunnington
Hunt End
Illy
Inkberrow
Kempsey
Kenswick
Kidderminster
Kings Norton
Kington
Knightsford Bridge
Knightwick
Kyre Magna
Kyre Parva
Langley
Lapal
Leasowes
Leigh
Lenchwick
Lickey
Lindridge
Little Comberton
Little Malvern
Little Witley
Longdon
Lower and Upper Lindons
Lower Mitton
Lulsley
Lutley
Lye
Madresfield
Malvern Hills
Malvern Link
Malvern Wells
Mamble
Marston
Martin Hussingtree
Martley
Mathon
Middle Littleton
Moseley
Naunton Beauchamp
Netherton (Cropthorne)
Netherton (Dudley)
Newbold or Newbold on Stour
Newland
North Claines
North Hallow
North Littleton
North Malvern
North Piddle
Northfield
Norton
Norton Juxta Kempsey
Oddingley
Offenham
Oldberrow
Oldbury
Ombersley
Orleton
Overbury
Pedmore
Pendock
Pensax
Peopleton
Pershore
Pinvin
Pirton
Powick
Queenhill
Quinton
Redditch
Ribbesford
Ridgacre
Ripple
Rochford
Rock
Romsley
Rous Lench
Rubery
Rushock
Salwarpe
Sapey, Lower, or Sapey Pilchard
Sedgeberrow
Selly Oak
Severn Stoke
Shelsley Beauchamp or Great Shelsley
Shelsley Kings
Shelsley Walsh or Little Shelsley
Shipston on Stour
Shrawley
South Hallow
South Littleton
Spetchley
Stanford on Teme
Staunton
Stock and Bradley
Stockton or Stockton on Teme
Stoke Prior
Stone
Stoulton
Stourbridge
Stourport
Strensham
Suckley
Tardebigge
Teddington
Tenbury
The Arrow
The Evenlode
The Piddle
The Rea
The Salwarpe
The Teme
Throckmorton
Tibberton
Tidmington
Tredington
Trimpley
Tutnall and Cobley
Upper Mitton
Upper Swinford
Upton on Severn
Upton Snodsbury
Upton Warren
Warley
Warndon
Webheath
Welland
Westwood Park
White Ladies Aston or Aston Episcopi
Whittington
Wichenford
Wick Episcopi or Lower and Upper Wick
Wick or Wick near Pershore
Wickhamford
Wollaston
Wollescote
Wolverley
Worcester
Worcester and Birmingham Canal
Wribbenhall
Wychbold
Wyre Forest
Wyre Piddle
Wythall or Wythewood
Yardley

Visitations Heraldic

The Visitation of Worcestershire 1569 is available on the Heraldry page.

Map of Worcestershire