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Washington, Durham

Historical Description

Washington, a village, a township, and a parish, in Durham. The village stands near the river Wear, 1 mile NNW of Washington railway station, and 6 miles SE by S of Gateshead, and has a post and money order office called Washington Village, under Washington station (R.S.O.); telegraph office, New Washington. The station is on the N.E.R., at the intersection of the Stanhope and Tyne railway. The township comprises 1973 acres; population. 3322; of the ecclesiastical parish, 3914. The manor was held in the 12th century by the family of Wessington, and passed in the time of Richard III. to the Washingtons, a descendant of whom was the famous George Washington, first president of the United States. There are ironworks, brick-works, a large colliery, and extensive chemical works. The parish contains also Usworth and Barmston townships. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Durham; net value, £200 with residence. Patron, the Bishop of Manchester. The church, rebuilt in 1832, consists of chancel, nave, transepts, and S porch. The rectory of Usworth is a separate benefice. There are Wesleyan and Roman Catholic chapels.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5


The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.

Ancient CountyCounty Durham 
Poor Law unionChester-le-Street 

Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.

Directories & Gazetteers

We have transcribed the entry for Washington from the following:

Land and Property

The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for County Durham is available to browse.


Online maps of Washington are available from a number of sites:

Newspapers and Periodicals

The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following newspapers covering county Durham online:

RegionNorth East
Postal districtNE38
Post TownWashington