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Chryston, Lanarkshire

Historical Description

CHRYSTON, for a time a quoad sacra parish, in the parish of CADDER, Lower ward of the county of LANARK; including the villages of Mollensburn, Moodiesburn, Muirhead, and Auchinloch, and containing 2670 inhabitants, of which number 555 are in the village of Chryston, 7 miles (E. by N.) from Glasgow. The district was formed of the eastern half of the parish of Cadder, and comprised about eleven square miles, its greatest length being four and a half, and its greatest breadth three and a quarter miles. The face of the country is level, and the soil is generally thin, on a subsoil of hard, blue till, which would be very unproductive, if it were not for the liberal application of manure, which is readily procured from the city of Glasgow, It is remarkable that the district is intersected by no fewer than three railways, namely, the Monkland and Kirkintilloch, the Glasgow, Garukirk, and Coatbridge, and the Edinburgh and Glasgow. On these lines many public works have been erected. Limestone is wrought in twelve different places, by which the numerouss ironworks in the neighbouring parish of Old Monkland are almost wholly supplied with this material. Two different works for the manufacture of articles from fireclay have been raised, one of which is on a scale that is said not to be surpassed by any similar work in the kingdom: a work has also been established for making house-tiles, common bricks, and draining-tiles. Many attempts have been made by boring, sinking, &c., to discover coal in the district; but none has yet been found that can pay the expense of working. The village is handsomely built and pleasantly situated; and but for the want of water, which is obtained only from the well of Bedlay, nearly a quarter of a mile distant, and difficult of access, it might become a more populous and flourishing place. A fair, chiefly for the sale of fat-cattle, was formerly held here at Martinmas; but it has been some time discontinued. Chryston is ecclesiastically in the presbytery of Glasgow, synod of Glasgow and Ayr. The church is a handsome structure, built by subscription of the inhabitants; the stone for its erection was quarried by the labourers, and hauled, together with the lime and other materials, by the farmers without any charge. It will accommodate 564 persons, and the stipend of the minister is £90, derived from seat-rents, with a manse and garden, valued at £10 per annum. A piece of land has heen purchased, and is now appropriated to interment. There is a place of worship for members of the Free Church. One of the parochial schools is situated here; a female school has been built, and a library has been established. The ancient tomb of the family of Gray, former proprietors, from whom the place takes its name (originally Grayston), is here crossed by the line of road leading to Cumbernauld.

Transcribed from A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland, 1851 by Samuel Lewis