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Carrington, Edinburghshire

Historical Description

CARRINGTON, or PRIMROSE, a parish, in the county of EDINBURGH; containing, with the villages of Carrington, Thornton, and Whitefaugh, 616 inhabitants, of whom 161 are in the village of Carrington, 6 miles (S. by W.) from Dalkeith. A very large part of the lands, at an early period, was the property of William, Lord Ramsay, who was created Earl of Dalhousie and Lord Carrington in 1633, and from whom the estate was purchased by Sir Archibald Primrose, ancestor of the Earls of Rosebery. James, the successor of Sir Archibald, was created Viscount Primrose in 1703. The parish measures about three miles and a half in extreme length, from east to west, and two miles in extreme breadth, from north to south. On the north-east it is bounded by the parish of Cockpen, on the north and west by Lass wade, on the west by Penicuick, and on the south and east by the parishes of Temple and Borthwick, where the boundary is formed by the South Esk river winding along the romantic and finely-wooded grounds of Rosebery and Arniston. Numerous rivulets flow through the lands into the South Esk, but none of them are of sufficient importance to require particular description. The soil is generally fertile: the number of acres cultivated is about 3360, and in wood about 400. Of late years, the lands have undergone great improvement; much attention has been given to furrow-draining, and other agricultural improvements have been introduced. There are two proprietors of land, the Earl of Rosebery, and Robert Balfour Wardlaw Ramsay, Esq., the latter of whom is resident in the parish: Robert Dundas, Esq., also, of Arniston in the neighbouring parish of Temple, possesses part of the lands in this parish along the banks of the South Esk, including Carrington mill and lands. The annual value of real property in the parish is £4617. Whitehill, the seat of Mr. Ramsay, a splendid mansion of recent erection, is situated towards the northern boundary of the parish, in the vicinity of Roslin and Hawthornden. It is in the style of architecture that prevailed in the reign of James VI.; the building is of noble dimensions, and forms at once a monument of the refined taste of its proprietor, and the eminent architectural abilities of Mr. William Burn. The parish is within the bounds of the presbytery of Dalkeith, synod of Lothian and Tweeddale, and in the patronage of the Earl of Rosebery. The minister's stipend is about £160, of which about one-third is payable from the exchequer; with a manse built in 1756, and a glebe worth about £20 a year. Carrington church, a neat structure, was erected in 1711. The parochial school is well conducted; the master has a salary of £34. 4. 4., with a house and garden, and the fees average £10 per annum.

Transcribed from A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland, 1851 by Samuel Lewis