BARRHEAD, for a time a quoad sacra parish, including the villages of Barrhead, Cross- Arthurlee, Grahamstown, and Newton-Ralston, in the parish of Neilston, Upper ward of the county of Renfrew, 4 miles (S. by E.) from Paisley; the whole containing 5337 inhabitants. This place is situated on the stream of the Levern, on which are a number of waterfalls that have contributed much to the manufactures of the district, consisting of cotton spinning and weaving, and printing, bleaching, and dyeing, all extensively carried on, principally for the Glasgow and Paisley markets. Coal is abundant in the district, and mines are in operation. The village, situated on the road from Glasgow to Irvine, is of considerable size, and for the most part inhabited by persons engaged in the various works; it has a post-office with a good delivery, and an act was passed in 1845 for the construction of a railway from Glasgow by Barrhead to Neilston, which is now open from Glasgow to Barrhead. In 1848 an act was passed for a railway from Paisley to Barrhead. A fair is held, chiefly for pleasure, on the last Friday in June, when a horse-race also takes place. The parish was in the presbytery of Paisley and synod of Glasgow and Ayr: the church, a neat structure, was built by subscription, in 1839; and the minister was elected by the male communicants. There is a good school, of which the teacher has a room rent-free; also a mechanics' subscription library.