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Northumberland, England

Historical Description

Northumberland, a maritime county in the N of England, bounded on the NW and the N by Scotland, on the NE and the E by the North Sea, on the S by Durham, and on the SW and W by Cumberland. Its outline is irregularly pentagonal, with a long side toward the NW, a short side toward the NE, and long sides toward the E, the S, and the W. Its boundary, on the NW side, is formed mainly by a watershed of the Cheviots and by the river Tweed; on the S side, mainly by the rivers Tyne and Derwent; and on part of the W side, by the river Irthing. Its greatest length, from N to S, is nearly 70 miles; its greatest breadth, from N by W to E by S, is about 50 miles; its circuit is about 225 miles—90 of which are along the Cheviots and 50 along the coast; and its area is 1,289,756 acres. It exceeds in size all the counties of England except York, Lincoln, Devon, and Norfolk. The Cheviots project far within the border; occupy great part of the parishes of Wooler, Kirknewton, Ilderton, Ingram, Alnham, Alwinton, and Elsdon; form masses grouped skirt to skirt, or shoulder to shoulder, like clustering cones, with dome-shaped summits; and rise to altitudes of from 1280 to 2658 feet. The surface from their base, eastward to the sea and south-eastward to the Tyne, may be described generally as a hanging plain, but consists largely of either low tableau or low plain. The tracts in the SW, to the extent of about 25 miles from Highfield and Hareshaw moors to the S border, and from 10 to 28 miles eastward from the W border, are chiefly moor and mountain, beautifully intersected by the valleys of the North Tyne, the South Tyne, and the Alien, much diversified also by verdant hills and hanging plains, and rising at or near the boundaries to altitudes of from 1000 to nearly 2000 feet. Much of the scenery is wild, bare, or monotonous, but much also is richly and variedly picturesque. The chief rivers are the Tweed, the Till, the Alne, the Coquet, the Wansbeck, the Blyth, the Tyne, and the Derwent. The coast is mainly low and little diversified; -Coquet Island, the Fern Islands, and Holy Island lie off it; and the most remarkable of its features are noticed, in order from S to N, in the following lines:—

"And now the vessel skirts the strand
Of mountainous Northumberland;
Towns, towers, and halls successive rise,
And catch the nuns' delighted eyes.
Monkwearmouth soon behind them lay,
And Tynemouth's priory and bay.
They mark'd amid her trees the hall
Of lofty Seaton Delaval;
They saw the Blyth and Wansbeck floods
Rush to the sea through sounding woods;
They pass'd the tower of Widdrington,
Mother of many a valiant son;
At Coquet Isle their beads they tell
To the good saint who own'd the cell;
Then did the Alne attention claim,
And Warkworth, proud of Percy's name;
And next they cross'd themselves to hear
The whitening breakers sound so near,
Where boiling through the rocks, they roar
On Dunstanborough's cavern'd shore;
Thy tower, proud Bamborough, mark'd they there
King Ida's castle, huge and square,
From its tall rock look grimly down,
And on the swelling ocean frown;
Then from the coast they bore away,
And reach'd the Holy Island's bay."

Most of the Cheviots and a few tracts on the coast consist of igneous rocks, chiefly porphyritic trap; the tracts north-eastward and eastward of the Cheviots to the sea, and the tracts south-westward and southward of the Cheviots and of the previous tracts, all within a line drawn south-westward from Alnmouth to Haltwhistle, and thence nearly along the course of the Roman wall to the W border, consist of lower carboniferous rocks, chiefly carboniferous limestone and shale; a considerable belt along all the SE side of these tracts, to Hexham, narrowing thence to Haltwhistle, and bending southward up the W side of the South Tyne, together with a tract around Allendale, consists chiefly of Yaredale rocks and upper limestone shale; a narrower belt along the SE side of that belt, but expanding toward the S, particularly around Matfen, consists chiefly of millstone grit; and the tract between the latter belt and the sea, all down from Warkworth to the Tyne, narrow in the N but gradually expanding toward the S, and reaching from Tynemouth to Bywell along the Tyne, consists of the coal measures. Building stone of various kinds is comparatively plentiful, and is extensively quarried. Roofing, flag, and grind stones are quarried at Byker and other places. Limestone is plentiful throughout the great carboniferous limestone tract, and is extensively calcined for manure. The coalfield is continuous with the coalfield of Durham, and the two together occupy an area of about 700 square miles. The output of coal in Northumberland is nearly 10,000,000 tons per annum. Iron ore abounds in the coalfield, and lead ore in the limestone region round Allendale. Zinc and silver ore are also found. Fishing and fish-curing are carried on to some extent.

Plantations are plentiful enough to give an ornate appearance to most of the low tracts, but native forests or old woods are sparse and meagre. Estates in general are large. Farms generally range from 300 to 1200 acres in the best arable parts, and sometimes extend to 2000 or even 3000 acres around the braes of the Cheviots. Farm tenure is various, but commonly either at will or on twenty-one years' lease. The soils on the seaboard are principally strong, fertile, clayey loam; in the central and SE parts a moist loam on cold impervious clay; on the banks of the Till, the Alne, the Coquet, and the Tyne, variously sand, light gravel, or dry loam; in the mountainous parts a black peat-earth. Agriculture is somewhat variable, and retains in some parts certain usages which cannot be called good; but, on the whole, exhibits a highly improved condition, shows a better advance on old practices than is to be seen in almost any other English county, and is conducted in a skilful and enterprising spirit. A five-year rotation, known as the Northumberland husbandly, is very prevalent—oats in the first year, turnips or potatoes in the second, spring wheat or barley in the third, clover or grasses in the fourth, and pasture in the fifth. Oxen are reared chiefly in the eastern part of the county. Short-horned cattle are used for the dairy, and the Durham and Scotch breed are preferred for fattening. At Chillingham Park there is a race of wild cattle, invariably white with black muzzles. The native Cheviot sheep, a hardy useful breed with a small fleece of ordinary wools, prevails in the uplands; a long-woolled breed, much improved by the introduction of the Leicesters and Southdowns, prevails on the lowland farms. The horses are chiefly of the Clydesdale breed, middle-sized, muscular, strong, and active.

The chief manufactures concentrate on the Tyne, in and near Newcastle, and consist of ships, boats, anchors, boilers, nails, engines, machines, coaches, chemicals, glass, pottery, canvas, linen, and woollens.

According to the census returns issued in 1893, the chief occupations of the people of the county were:—Professional, 8006 males and 4218 females; domestic, 1578 males and 27,047 females; commercial, 24,128 males and 516 females; agricultural, 15,851 males and 3269 females; fishing, 1338 males and 11 females; industrial, 108,949 males and 16,228 females; and "unoccupied," including retired business men, pensioners, those living on their own means, and others not specified, 30,033 males and 139,884 females; or a total in the county of 189,883 males and 191,173 females. The number of men employed in the leading industries was as follows :—Coal miners, 27,155; general labourers, 10,486; agricultural labourers, 7087; and shipbuilders, 6761. The chief occupations of women were—domestic service, with a total of 23,661; millinery and dressmaking, 7033. There were also in the county 376 blind persons, 81 deaf, 339 deaf and dumb, and 1361 mentally deranged.

One railway, part of the main line of the N.E.R., goes from Newcastle northward past Morpeth, and along the seaboard to Berwick; another goes from Newcastle westward up the Tyne and the South Tyne, past Hexham and Haltwhistle, toward Carlisle, with a short branch from Hexham to Catton Road for Allendale; another branches off from Newcastle and Carlisle at Haltwhistle, southward into the SE corner of Cumberland at Alston. The North British railway has a line from Hexham, which goes up the valley of the North Tyne, past Bellingham and Falstone, into Scotland at Riccarton Junction, to proceed thence to Hawick and Edinburgh. The Blyth and Tyne railway goes from Newcastle down the Tyne to North Shields and Tynemouth, and proceeds from the last along the coast to Blyth and Newbiggen, and thence inland to Morpeth; another strikes from the North-Eastern at Morpeth, and goes westward up the Wansbeck Valley, past Cambo to Reedsmouth; another goes from the Berwick and Kelso line into the interior south-south-eastward, past Wooler to the vicinity of Rothbury; another, a short branch line, deflects from the North-Eastern at Bilton, and goes north-westward to Alnwick; and another, the Berwick and Kelso, leaves the North-Eastern at Tweedmouth, and goes up the Tweed past Norham and Coldstream into Scotland at Kelso. The boundaries of the ancient or geographical county and those of the administrative county, together with the county borough of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, are co-extensive. For parliamentary purposes the ancient county is divided into four divisions, and besides which there are the parliamentary boroughs of Morpeth, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and Tynemouth. Population of the county (1801), 168,078, (1821) 212,589, (1841) 260,020, (1861) 343,025, (1881) 434,086, (1891) 506,030.

The county is governed by a lord-lieutenant and custos, and a county council consisting of 20 aldermen and 80 councillors, and is in the N judiciary circuit, the NE military district, and the diocese of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. The administrative county includes the three municipal boroughs of Berwick-upon-Tweed, Morpeth, and Tynemouth, besides the county borough of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. It has one court of quarter sessions, and is divided into thirteen petty sessional divisions. Berwick-upon-Tweed and Newcastle-upon-Tyne have separate courts of quarter sessions and separate commissions of the peace, while Tynemouth has only a, separate commission of the peace. The administrative county contains 503 entire civil parishes, and the county borough of Newcastle-upon-Tyne contains nine civil parishes. The ancient county is entirely in the diocese of Newcastle, and is divided into 159 entire ecclesiastical parishes or districts.

The borough of Newcastle-upon-Tyne was constituted under the Local Government Act, 1888, an administrative county In itself and styled a county borough, and the municipal corporation has the power of a county council. H.M. Prison for Newcastle and Northumberland is in Newcastle, and the County Pauper Lunatic Asylum is at Morpeth. A Reformatory School for boys, primarily for Durham and Northumberland, is at Stannington, near Morpeth; it is surrounded by 300 acres of land which are farmed by the boys, who are taught how to make agricultural implements and other useful trades. A Northern Counties Institution for the deaf and dumb is near Brandling village, Newcastle-upon-Tyne; and a Royal Infirmary for Newcastle and Northumberland and Durham is situated at Forth Banks, Newcastle.

The ancient British Ottadeni inhabited the E parts of what is now Northumberland, the ancient British Gadeni inhabited the W parts, and both are supposed to have been in strict alliance with the Brigantes. The Romans under Agricola subdued all the country, together with the part of Scotland S of the Forth and Clyde; they constructed two lines of defences, the one from the Forth to the Clyde in Scotland, the other from the Tyne at Wallsend across the S of Northumberland to Bowness on the Solway Firth ; they restored or remade the old British road called Watling Street, running north-westward through Northumberland, past Corbridge to the Cheviots; and they included all Northumberland in their province of Valentia. Their line of defence from Wallsend to the Solway proved insufficient to resist insurrections and attacks from the N; was strengthened in the time of Hadrian so as to consist of a stone wall with N ditch, an earthen wall or vallum S of the stone wall, a chain of stations, castles, and watchtowers, and lines of road chiefly between the stone wall and the vallum ; and will be described in our article ROMAN WALL. The Picts frequently overran the northern and central parts of Northumberland, and broke through the wall; but they were finally repelled or reduced to quietude in the time of Valentinian. The Romans departed in 446, and left the country a prey to civil discord. The Saxons were invited by the distracted inhabitants to pacify the country; Ebusa and Octa, brothers of Hengist, landed on the coast of Northumberland in 454, but do not seem to have made much impression; Ida, called the flame-bearer, landed in 547, built a castle at Bambrough, and founded the kingdom of Bernicia ; and that kingdom extended from the Tyne to the Forth, took its name from the river Brennich or the part of the Till above Wooler, and was eventually united to the kingdom of Deira to form the kingdom of Northumbria. Edwin, who mounted the throne in 617, introduced Christianity; Egbert, king of Wessex, wrung submission from Eanred of Northumbria in 823, and got entire possession of the country in 828-30; the Danes overran it in 844 and 867 ; Edward the Elder defeated them in a great battle at Corbridge; Athelstan overthrew the combined forces of the Scots and the Cumbrians in another great battle at Brunanburgh; and Edred completely conquered all Northumbria in 942, divided it into baronies and counties, and transmuted its kings into jarls or earls. One of the earldoms took the name of Northumberland, and extended southward to the Tees and northward to the Forth; and the history of it became interwoven with the history of Scotland, but practically terminated in the death of Siward, who dethroned Macbeth of Scotland, restored Malcolm, and died in 1055. Tosti Godvinson, brother of King Harold, nominally succeeded Siward; but the inhabitants viewed him as a despot, and speedily expelled him, saying, "We have learned from our fathers to live as freemen or to die." Copsi, who was assassinated by his rival Osulph, also became nominally Earl; Gospatrick afterwards purchased the title; Bishop Waltheof of Durham, Mowbray the Norman, Prince Henry of Scotland, and Bishop Pusar successively wore it; the Percys got it in 1377, and retained it till 1461; Neville, Lord Montagu, then received it; and the Percys got it again in 1470, and retained it till 1537. The title was afterwards changed to Duke; went to John, Earl of Warwick ; passed in 1557 to the Percys; remained with them till 1670; became extinct; was revived in 1683 in favour of George Fitzroy, and again became extinct. The title of Earl was revived in 1749 in favour of A. Seymour, Duke of Somerset; and the title of Duke was revived in 1786 in favour of the Smithson-Percys.

William the Conqueror encountered great resistance in Northumberland, scourged most of it nearly to desolation, and drove multitudes of the inhabitants into the mountains and the forests, but never got possession of Tynedale and Redesdale. Northumberland then was practically part of Scotland, linking its fortunes with those of the Scottish kings; and it continued throughout William's reign, and throughout the reigns of William Rufus, Henry I., Stephen, Henry II., and Richard I., to be a scene of incessant reprisals and retaliation between the forces of Scotland and those of England. Malcolm III. in 1019 invaded, wasted, and burnt the county as far as Alnwick; David I. in 1138 seized Norham, Alnwick, and Newcastle; and William the Lion in 1174 overran the county, seized its fortresses, and terribly devastated its towns and mansions. William was at last taken prisoner, and carried captive into the presence of Henry II.; Malcolm IV. had previously made a cession of Northumberland to Henry II.; and William subsequently paid homage to King John; yet was not the county saved from repetition of conflicts and disasters, for King John made an expedition into it to punish some disaffected barons, and burnt, ravaged, and plundered its castles and towns. Alexander II. in 1244 advanced as far as Ponteland, but retreated in consequence of Henry III. with an army being at Newcastle. Great events arising out of the unsettled state of the Scottish succession occurred in various parts, particularly at Berwick and Norham. The Scots, in resistance to Edward I., or in retaliation of his measures, in one year ravaged Redesdale and Tynedale, and burnt Corbridge and Hexham; in another year recaptured Berwick, laid waste the country around Rothbury, and menaced Newcastle; in another year, after the battle of Bannockburn, made terrible raids into much of the county, and again burnt Corbridge and Hexam; and in another year, 1318, captured Wark, Harbottle, and Mitford, and again recaptured Berwick, which had been retaken by the English. The Scots also, in 1327, captured Norham; in 1333 blockaded Bambrough; in 1372 won the battle of Carham; in 1385 took the castles of Wark, Ford, and Cornhill; in 1388, on the day of Chevy Chase, were routed at Otterburn; in 1402, after the fall of Wark, were defeated at Fulhope Law and Homildon; in 1436 won the battle of Pepperdean; and in 1448 took and burnt Alnwick. A great battle between the Yorkists and the Lancastrians was fought at Hexham in 1464. Perkin Warbeck devastated the county in 1496. The Scots suffered a disastrous overthrow at Flodden in 1513; they were defeated again at Branxton in 1524; and they invaded England and took Newcastle in 1639 ; and again appeared before that town in 1644, but did not succeed in taking it. Other events are noticed in the articles on the principal towns.

A great multitude of antiquities in great variety exist in connection with the Roman wall, and many of these are seen in the wall's own course, and on the sites of its stations and castles, while others have been collected into local museums and repositories. The Roman Watling Street is partly in tolerable preservation, and has partly been converted into a good modern road; and a station on it at Bremenium, the modern High Rochester, about 22 miles N of the wall, has left distinct traces of ramparts, ditches, and gates, and yielded important discoveries during excavations made in 1852 by the Duke of Northumberland, and since then by the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries. Another Roman station was on Watling Street at Risingham, and another at Corbridge. A branch Roman way went from Watling Street to Alnwick. Two Roman camps were at Tynemouth and North Shields, two also were on the Durham side at the E end of South Shields and at Jarrow; and these four, with perhaps the aid of other works, commanded the Tyne from the E end of the wall to the sea. Ancient camps, which have left some remains, were likewise at Whitton, Whitley, Whitchester, Rosedon Edge, Kirknewton, Black Dykes, Bolam, Outchester, Spindleston, Belford, Rothbury, Castlehill near Alnham, Glanton Pike, Berwick Hill, Greencastle near Wooler, Harelaw near Paston, and Castlestone Nick near Cornhill. The Lords of the East Marches, which comprised all the northern part of what is now Northumberland, wielded vast powers for repelling or punishing raids during the middle ages, and they were aided in the discharge of their onerous duties by royal fortresses at Bambrough and Newcastle, by noble fortresses at Wark, Alnwick, and Prudhoe, by baronial strongholds and peel-towers in many places, by bastel-houses in towns and villages, and even by some fortified ecclesiastical towers, as at Corbridge and Elsdon. Very many of the mediaeval strengths, or considerable remains of them, still exist, particularly at Bambrough, Newcastle, Wark, Prudhoe, Tynemouth, Ogle, Bellister, Thirlwall, Staward-le-Peel, Langley, Willimoteswick, Simonburn, Cockley, Aydon, Halton, Welton, Morpeth, Bothall, Dunstanburgh, Whitton, Harbottle, Hepple, Edlingham, Haughton, Old Rothbury, and Berwick. Remains of abbeys are Hulne, Newminster, Blanchland, and Hexham; remains of priories are at Lindisfarne, Brinkburn, and Tynemouth; and interesting old churches are at Seaton Delaval, Ponteland, Heddon-on-the-Wall, Bolam, Elsdon, Newcastle, and Hexham.


Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5

Archives and Libraries

Berwick-upon-Tweed Record Office,
Council Offices,
Wallace Green
Berwick-upon-Tweed,
TD15 1ED
email:lbankier@woodhorn.org.uk
Tel: 01289 301865


Church Records

We have some of the Northumberland Parish Registers transcribed in fully searchable collections. See what we have available on the Births & Baptisms, Marriages, Deaths & Burials pages.


Civil Registration

For general information about Civil Registration (births, marriages and deaths) see the Civil Registration page.

List of Registration Districts in Northumberland from 1837 to 1974.


Directories & Gazetteers

The Historical Directories web site have a number of directories relating to Northumberland online, including:
Kelly's, Pigot, Slater, etc.

We have transcribed the entry for Northumberland from the following:


Land and Property

The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for Northumberland is available to browse.


Maps

Old map of Northumberland circa 1848 (Samuel Lewis)

Old map of Northumberland circa 1895 (Gazetteer of England and Wales)


Newspapers and Periodicals

The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following newspapers related to Northumberland online:


Parishes & places

Abberwick
Abbey Lands
Acklington
Acklington Park
Acton and Old Felton
Adderstone
Akeld
Allendale
Allenton or Alwinton
Aln
Alnmouth
Alnwick
Alnwick Castle
Amble with Hauxley
Ancroft
Angerton, High and Low
Anick and Anick Grange
Annilsford
Apperley
Ashington and Sheepwash
Asholme
Aydon
Aydon Castle
Backworth, or Blackworth
Bamburgh
Bamburgh Castle
Bardon Mill
Barmoor
Barrasford
Barrow
Bassington
Bates Island
Beadnell
Beal
Beanley
Bearl
Bebside
Bedlington
Belford
Bellasis
Bellingham
Bellister
Belsay
Beltingham, with Henshaw
Benridge (Mitford)
Benridge (Ponteland)
Benwell
Berrington
Berwick Hill
Berwick upon Tweed
Bewick, New and Old
Bibridge
Bickerton
Biddlestone
Bigges Quarter or Carlisles Quarter
Bilton
Bingfield
Birling or Berling
Birtley
Bitchfield
Black Callerton
Black Carts and Ryehill
Black Heddon
Blagdon
Blanchland
Blenkinsopp
Bockenfield
Bolam
Bolam Vicarage
Bolton
Bothal
Boulmer and Seaton House
Bowent River or College Burn
Bowmont Water
Bowsden
Bradford (Bambrough)
Bradford (Bolam)
Brandon
Branton
Branxton
Brenkley
Brierdean or Burradon
Brinkburn
Broadside
Brokenheugh
Broom Park
Broomhaugh
Broomhill
Broomhope and Buteland
Broomhouse
Broomley
Broomridge
Brotherwick
Broxfield
Buckton
Budle
Bullers Green
Bullocks Hall
Burton
Busy Gap
Butterlaw
Byker
Byrness
Bywell
Bywell St Andrew
Bywell St Peter
Caervorran
Caistron
Callaley with Yetlington
Cambo
Cambois
Canongate
Capheaton
Carham
Carrow
Carrycoats
Carter Fell
Carter Moor
Cartington
Castle Ward
Catchburn
Catcherside
Catton
Cauledge Park
Causey Park
Chamois Bay and Seaton
Charlton
Charlton East Quarter
Charlton West Quarter
Chathill
Chatton
Cheeseburn Grange
Chesterhope
Chesters
Cheswick
Chetlop
Chevington
Cheviot Hills
Chillingham
Chirdon
Chirton
Chollerford
Chollerton
Choppington
Christon Bank
Clarewood
Clennel
Coanwood
Coatyards
Cocklaw
Cockle Park
Coldcoats
Coldsmouth
Coldwell
Colwell
Copeland Castle
Coquet Island
Coquetdale
Corbridge
Cornhill
Corridge
Corsenside
Countess Park
Coupland or Copeland
Cowpen
Cowpen Lane
Coxlodge
Cramlington
Craster
Crawley
Cresswell
Crook Dean
Crookham
Crookhouse
Crumstone
Cullercoats
Dalton
Darras Hall
Dean Bow
Deanham
Debdon
Denton, West
Denwick
Detchant
Devil
Devil
Dilston or Devilstone
Dinnington
Ditchburn, East and West
Doddington
Doxford
Duddo
Duddo (Staunington)
Dudley
Dueshill
Dukers Hagg
Dunridge or Druridge
Dunstanburgh
Dunston
Eachwick
Earle or Yearle
Earsdon
Earsdon (Hebburn)
Earsdon Forest
Easington
Easington Grange
East Acombe
East and West Brunton
East and West Hartford
East and West Shaftoe
East and West Sleekburn
East and West Whorlton
East and West Woodburn
East Denton
Edington
Edlingham
Eglingham
Eirington
Eitringham
Elford
Elishaw
Ellingham
Ellington
Elsdon
Elswick
Elwick
Elyhaugh
Emmanuel Head
Eshott
Eslington
Espershields
Etal
Ewart
Ewesley
Fairhaugh
Fairnley
Falloden
Fallowfield
Fallowlees
Falstone
Farne Islands
Farnham
Fawdon
Fawdon and Clinch
Fawns
Featherstone
Felkington or Filkington
Felton
Fenham (Kyloe)
Fenham (Newcastle St Andrew)
Fenrother
Fenton
Fenwick (Kyloe)
Fenwick (Stamfordham)
Fleetham
Flodden
Flotterton
Ford
Ford Forge
Forest Hall
Fortherley, High
Fourstones
Fowberry
Freeholders Quarter
Gallow Hill
Glanton
Glen
Glenwhett
Gloronun
Golden Pots
Goldstone
Gosforth
Goswick
Grays Forest
Great and Little Chesters
Great and Little Ryle
Great and Little Whittington
Great Bavington
Greenhaugh
Greenhead
Greenleighton
Greens and Glantlees
Greenscheles Cleugh
Greensfield
Greys Forest
Greystead
Grievestead
Grindon
Grindon Hill
Guizance or Guyson
Gunnerton
Hadstone
Haggerston
Halidon Hill
Hall Barns
Hallington
Halton
Halton Shields
Haltwhistle
Harbottle
Harehaugh
Harehope or Hareup
Hareshaw Tarn
Harlow Hill
Harnham
Hart Burn (Stream)
Hartburn
Hartburn Grange
Hartington and Hartington Hall
Hartlaw
Hartley
Hartley Burn
Harwood
Haughton
Hauxley
Hawick
Hawkhill
Hawkwell
Haydon or Haydon Bridge
Hazlerigg
Hazon and Hartlaw
Healey
Healey and Combhill
Heathpool
Heaton
Hebburn or Hebron
Heckley House and Heckley Grange
Heddon on the Wall
Heddon, East
Hedgeley
Hedley
Henshaw
Hepburn or Hebburn
Hepple
Hepscott
Hermitage
Hesley Hurst
Hetton and Hetton House
Heugh
Hexham
Hexham Middle Quarter
Hexhamshire
High and Low Brunton
High and Low Buston
High and Low Forest
High and Low Trewhitt
High Angerton
High Callerton
Higham Dykes
Highlaws
Highlaws, High and Low, or Heighley
Hobberlow
Hollinghill
Holystone or Hallystone
Holywell or Halliwell
Hoppen
Horncliffe
Horsley
Horsley (Elsdon)
Horton
Horton Grange
Houghton and Close House
Housesteads
Howden or Howden Panns
Howick
Howtell
Humbleton
Humshaugh
Hurst
Ilderton
Ingoe
Ingram
Islandshire
Jesmond
Kearsley
Keenly
Kenton
Kidland
Kielder
Kilham
Killingworth
Kinmere
Kirby Wiske
Kirk Hill
Kirkharle
Kirkhaugh
Kirkheaton
Kirkley
Kirknewton
Kirkwhelpington
Knarsdale
Knavestone or Navestone
Knowes Gate
Kyloe
Lambley
Langley
Langley on Tyne
Lanton
Learchild
Learmouth, East and West
Lee Ward
Leemailing
Lemington
Lemmington
Lesbury
Lilburn, East and West
Lillswood
Linbridge
Lindisfarne
Linhope
Linmouth
Linsheeles or Linshields
Linton
Lipwood
Little and West Harle
Little Bavington
Little Benton
Little Callerton
Little Houghton
Little Mill
Loan End
Long Benton
Long Framlington
Long Horsley
Long Houghton
Long Witton
Longhirst
Longridge
Longshaws
Longstone
Lorbottle
Low Quarter
Low Town
Lowick
Lowlin
Lucker
Lyham or Lyam
Manors
Mason
Masters Close
Matfen
Megstone
Meldon
Melkridge
Mickley
Middleton
Middleton (Station)
Middleton Hall
Milburn and Milburn Grange
Milfield
Millshields
Mindnun or Mindrun
Mitford
Molesdon
Monkridge
Monks House
Monkseaton
Morpeth
Morpeth Castle
Morwick
Mote Hills
Mount Healey
Mount Pleasant
Mousen
Murton or Moortown
Nafferton
Nesbit
Nesbitt
Netherton
Netherton North Side
Netherton South Side
Netherwitton
New Hartley
New Heaton
New York
Newbiggin (Blanchland)
Newbiggin (Newburn)
Newbiggin (Woodhorn)
Newbrough
Newburn
Newburn Hall
Newham (Lucker)
Newham (Tynemouth)
Newham (Whalton)
Newham in Belford
Newham in Castle Ward
Newlands
Newminster Abbey
Newsham and South Blyth
Newstead
Newton
Newton by the Sea
Newton Hall
Newton on the Moor
Newton Park
Newton Underwood
Newtown (Chillingham)
Newtown (Rothbury)
Ninebanks
Nook
Norham
Norham Mains
North and South Gosforth
North Blyth
North Charlton
North Dissington
North Gosforth
North Middleton (Hartburn)
North Middleton (Ilderton)
North Seaton
North Shields
North Sunderland
Nunny Kirk
Nunriding
Nunwick
Ogle
Old Moor
Ord
Ordley
Otterburn
Ouston
Outchester
Ovingham
Ovington
Pallinsburn
Park
Park Farm
Parkhouses
Paston
Pauperhaugh
Peals or Peels
Peel Fell
Pegsworth or Pegswood
Percy or Percy Main
Pigdon
Plashetts
Plenmeller
Plessey
Ponteland
Portgate
Powburn
Prendwick
Presson
Preston (Ellingham)
Preston (Tynemouth)
Prestwick
Prudhoe
Prudhoe Castle
Ramshope
Ratchwood
Raw
Reaveley
Red Barns
Redesdale
Reedsmouth
Rennington
Riddells Quarter
Riding
Ridley
Rimside Moor
Riplington
Risingham
Ritton Colt Park and Ritton White House
Rivergreen
Rochester
Rock
Roddam
Roman Wall
Roseden
Roses Bower
Ross
Rothbury
Rothley
Rowfoot
Rudchester or Rouchester
Rugley
Ryall
Ryehill (Humshaugh)
Ryehill (Rothbury)
Saltwick
Sandhoe
Scotland Gate
Scots Gap
Scotswood
Scremerston
Screnwood
Seaton Burn
Seaton Delavel
Seaton House
Seaton Sluice or Hartley Pans
Seghill
Selbys Forest
Shafthill
Shankhouse
Sharperton
Shawdon
Shidlaw
Shieldykes
Shilbottle
Shilvington
Shipley
Shitlington
Shoreston or Shoston
Shortflatt
Shotley
Shotton (Kirknewton)
Shotton (Stannington)
Simonburn
Simonside
Six Mile Bridge
Slaggyford
Slaley
Smalesmouth
Snipe House
Snitter
South Blyth
South Charlton
South Dissington
South Middleton (Hartburn)
South Middleton (Ilderton)
Spindleston
Spital
Spital Hill
Spittal
St John (Newcastle)
St John Lee
Stagshawbank
Stamford
Stamfordham
Stannington
Stanton
Staward Peel
Stelling
Stobhill
Stobswood
Stocksfield
Sturton Grange
Styford
Sugley
Swarland
Sweethope
Swinhoe
Tarretburn
Tarset
The Bardop
The Blyth
The Breamish or Brennich
The Coquet
The Derwent
The Font
The Hartley
The Irthing
The Line
The Lyne or Line
The North Tyne
The Pont
The Till
The Tippal
The Tyne
The Wansbeck
Thirlwall
Thirston with Shothaugh
Thockrington
Thornbrough
Thorneyburn
Thorngrafton
Thornington
Thornton
Three Stone Burn
Throckley
Throphill or Thropple
Thropton
Tinley
Titlington
Todburn
Todridge
Togstone
Tosson
Tranwell and High Church
Trewhitt, High and Low
Trewick
Tritlington
Troughend
Tughall
Tweedmouth
Twizell (Morpeth)
Twizell (Northam)
Tynemouth
Ulgham
Unthank
Walker
Walkmill
Wall
Wallbottle
Wallington Demesne
Wallsend
Walltown
Walridge
Walwick
Warden
Warenford
Warenton
Wark
Wark or Werk
Warksburn
Warkworth
Warnham Flats
Warton
Waterloo
Weetslade or Weetslet
Wellhaugh
Welton
West Acombe
West Heddon
West Whelpington
Westgate
Westmoor
Whalton
Whitchester
Whitehouse
Whitfield
Whitley (Hexham)
Whitley (Tynemouth)
Whitridge
Whittingham
Whittle (Ovingham)
Whittle (Shilbottle)
Whitton
Widdrington
Wide Open
Willimoteswick
Willington
Willington Quay
Wingates
Witton Shields
Wooden
Woodhorn
Woodhorn Demesne
Woodhouse
Woodside or Woodside Ward
Wooler
Wooler Haugh Head
Woolsington
Wooperton
Wreighill
Wylam
Yeavering
Yetlington
Map of Northumberland