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The Eden, Westmorland

Historical Description

Eden, The, a river of Westmorland and Cumberland. It rises on the backbone of England, at the southern extremity of Westmorland, adjacent to Yorkshire; runs past Kirkby Stephen, Appleby, Edenhall, Kirkoswald, and Carlisle; and enters the head of the Solway Firth in the neighbourhood of the Rockcliffe marshes. Its prevailing direction is north-north-westward, its length of course is about 35 miles, and its chief affluents are the Eamont above Edenhall, the Crog-lin below Kirkoswald, and the Peterill and the Caldew at Carlisle. Much of its channel is belted with meadowland, and flanked with picturesque high ground; much, in the½ower part above and below Carlisle, lies through fertile plain; and the terminal part, to the length of about 2 miles, widens into an estuary, of the same flat sandy character as the Solway Firth. Its waters yield prime salmon, and abound with fine trout. Wordsworth in one of his sonnets regrets having only once before written " its sweet name," .and adds-" Yet fetched from Paradise that honour came, Rightfully borne; for Nature gives thee flowers That have no rivals among British bowers; And thy bold rocks are worthy of their fame.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5

Land and Property

The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for Westmorland is available to browse.