The Exe, Somerset
Exe, The, a river of Somerset and Devonshire. It was anciently called Isc or Isca. It rises in Exmoor Forest, within Somerset, but near the boundary of Devonshire; runs southeastward about 17 miles within Somerset, past Exford, Wins-ford, Exton, and Dulverton, to Exbridge; turns southward into Devonshire; goes circnitonsly past Bampton and Wash-field to Tiverton; is there a fine stream with much volume, winds through the vale of Bickleigh, passes Exeter over a schist formation, proceeds to traverse a new red sandstone formation, passes through fertile meadows to Topsham, expands thence into considerable estuary, passes between Lymp-stone and Powderham, goes over a bar of red sandstone rock at Exmouth, and enters the English Channel 14¼ miles N by E of Berry Head. Its length of course is about 60 miles, , and its chief affluents are the Barle, the Batham, theLoman, l the Culm, the Dart, the Cready, the Kenn, and the Clyst. It formerly was navigable to Exeter, but was so choked" up by one of the Earls of Devon as to be long closed to navigation, and a canal was afterwards cut in such a manner as to bring large vessels up to the city. The tide-way, by the low-water channel is about 7 miles, and the extreme difference between springs and neaps varies from 5 to 7 feet.
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