UK Genealogy Archives logo
DISCLOSURE: This page may contain affiliate links, meaning when you click the links and make a purchase, we may receive a commission.

London, England

Historical Description

London, the capital of the British Empire, and the largest, most populous, and most widely-famed city of the world, lies upon both banks of the river Thames, and on the hills which enclose the river valley, about 50 miles W of the Nore. The dome of St Paul's Cathedral, which stands nearly in the centre of London proper or London city, is situated in 50° 30' 47-55" N lat., and 0° 5' 48.2" W long. of Greenwich. The old city of London is situated wholly in Middlesex, but the town beyond the city limits extends into four counties, Essex and Middlesex on the N, and Kent and Surrey on the S. Articles on many districts of London are dispersed throughout this work. In the present article we shall endeavour to give a comprehensive view of the entire metropolis under the following headings:—

A. History.
B. Historical Localities.
C. Extent, Divisions, Population, &c.
D. General Appearance.
E. Public Buildings, Parks, Theatres, &c.
F. Museums, Libraries, and Art Exhibitions.
G. Learned and Scientific Societies, Colleges, Schools.
H. Ecclesiastical Affairs, Churches, Chapels, &c.
I. Charitable Institutions, Hospitals, &c.
K. Government, Police, Fire Brigade, &c.
L. Law Courts, Inns of Court, &c.
M. Railways, Tramways, Omnibuses, &c.
N. Commerce, Markets, Manufactures, Trades, &c.
O. List of Works on London.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5

Archives and Libraries

London Metropolitan Archives
40 Northampton Road
Tel 020 7332 3820
Fax 020 7833 9136

Chapman code

The Chapman code for London is LND.
Chapman codes are used in genealogy as a short data code for administrative areas, such as county and country names.

Civil Registration

For general information about Civil Registration (births, marriages and deaths) see the Civil Registration page.

List of Registration Districts in London from 1837 to 1974.

Directories & Gazetteers

We have transcribed the entry for London from the following:


Historically London consisted solely of the City of London, within the old city walls, and was almost exclusively in the ancient county of Middlesex. Parishes, as they were, consisted generally of only a few highly-populated streets, and were mostly named after the church and its' location. During the 19th century the City started to change from being a populous area to one of business and this caused the population to dwindle significantly. Many parishes amalgamated with others and some of the churches closed.

In 1889 the administrative county of London was formed, which included the old City, and parts of Middlesex, Kent and Surrey. The enlarged area was divided into Metropolitan boroughs and some parishes spanned across the county boundary. The new Metropolitan Boroughs, (with their former county in brackets), were as follows:
Battersea (Surrey), Bermondsey (Surrey), Bethnal Green (Middlesex), Camberwell (Surrey), Chelsea (Middlesex), Deptford (Kent), Finsbury (Middlesex), Fulham (Middlesex), Greenwich (Kent), Hackney (Middlesex), Hammersmith (Middlesex), Hampstead (Middlesex), Holborn (Middlesex), Islington (Middlesex), Kensington (Middlesex), Lambeth (Surrey), Lewisham (Kent), Paddington (Middlesex), Poplar (Middlesex), Marylebone (Middlesex), St. Pancras (Middlesex), Shoreditch (Middlesex), Southwark (Surrey), Stepney (Middlesex), Stoke Newington (Middlesex), Wandsworth (Surrey), Westminster (Middlesex), Woolwich (Kent).
It would be worthwhile consulting both the Map of County London and Map of Middlesex, both circa 1894.


Old map of London circa 1848 (Samuel Lewis)

Old map of London circa 1895 (Gazetteer of England and Wales)

Parishes & places

Abney Park
Allhallows Barking
Allhallows Bread Street
Allhallows Honey Lane
Allhallows Lombard Street
Allhallows London Wall
Allhallows Staining
Allhallows The Great
Allhallows The Less
Cambridge Heath
Chalk Farm
Charing Cross
Christchurch Newgate Street
Havengore Island
Holy Trinity Gough Square
Holy Trinity the Less
Loughborough Junction
Loughborough Park
New Cross
Sergeants Inn
St Alban Wood Street
St Alphage London Wall
St Andrew by the Wardrobe
St Andrew Hubbard
St Andrew Undershaft
St Ann & St Agnes Aldersgate
St Ann Blackfriars
St Antholin Budge Row
St Augustine Watling Street
St Bartholomew by the Exchange
St Bartholomew Moor Lane
St Bartholomew the Great
St Bartholomew the Less
St Benet Fink
St Benet Gracechurch Street
St Benet Sherehog
St Botolph Aldersgate
St Botolph Aldgate
St Botolph Billingsgate
St Botolph Bishopsgate
St Bridget or St Bride
St Christopher-le-Stocks
St Clement Eastcheap
St Dionis Backchurch
St Dunstan in the East
St Dunstan in the West
St Edmund the King and Martyr
St Ethelburga Bishopsgate
St Ewin
St Gabriel Fenchurch
St George Botolph Lane
St Giles Cripplegate
St Gregory by St Paul
St Helen Bishopsgate
St James Aldgate
St James Garlickhithe
St John the Baptist Walbrook
St John the Evangelist Friday Street
St John Zachary
St Katherine by the Tower
St Katherine Coleman
St Katherine Cree Church
St Lawrence Jewry
St Lawrence Pountney
St Leonard Eastcheap
St Leonard Foster Lane
St Magnus the Martyr
St Margaret Lothbury
St Margaret Ludgate
St Margaret Moses
St Margaret New Fish Street
St Margaret Pattens
St Martin Ludgate
St Martin Orgar
St Martin Outwich
St Martin Pomeroy
St Martin Vintry
St Mary Abchurch
St Mary Aldermary
St Mary at Axe
St Mary at Hill
St Mary Bothaw
St Mary Colechurch
St Mary le Bow
St Mary Magdalen Knightrider Street
St Mary Magdalen Milk Street
St Mary Magdalene Old Fish Street
St Mary Mountshaw
St Mary Somerset
St Mary Staining
St Mary the Virgin
St Mary Woolchurch
St Mary Woolnoth
St Matthew Friday Street
St Michael Bassishaw
St Michael Cornhill
St Michael Crooked Lane
St Michael le Querne
St Michael Paternoster Royal
St Michael Queenhithe
St Michael Wood Street
St Mildred Bread Street
St Mildred the Virgin Poultrey
St Nicholas Acons
St Nicholas Cole Abbey
St Nicholas Olave
St Nicholas Shambles
St Olave Hart Street
St Olave Old Jewry
St Olave Silver Street
St Pancras Soper Lane
St Peter Cornhill
St Peter le Poer
St Peter Pauls Wharf
St Peter Westcheap
St Sepulchre without Newgate
St Stephen Coleman Street
St Stephen Walbrook
St Swithin London Stone
St Thomas the Apostle
St Vedast Foster Lane
Stratford le Bow
The Inns of Court
The Nore
West Newington

Visitations Heraldic

The Visitation of London, taken in 1633, 1634, and 1635 is online. This currently only includes volume 1 of 2

The Visitation of London, 1568 is available to browse from the Heraldry page.

Map of London


Ancestry UK