Mathrafal or Mathyrafal, a township in Llangyniew parish, Montgomeryshire, on the river Vyrnwy, 3 miles NE of Llanfair Caereinion. The Roman station Mediolanum is supposed to have been here, and a castle of the princes of Powys and of the Viponts stood on what is thought to have been the Roman station. The castle was refortified by one of the Viponts about the beginning of the 13th century. Llewelyn ap Jorwerth laid siege to it in 1212, and King John, coming with a force from England, compelled Llewelyn to retire and burnt the castle to the ground. Vestiges of a rampart and a deep fosse still exist, and enclose a quadrangular area of about 2 acres. Three sides were defended by the fosse, the fourth side was defended by a steep eminence overhanging the Vyrnwy, and the NE angle, on that side, has a lofty mound on which may have stood an outwork commanding a full view up and down the vale.
Land and Property
The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for Montgomeryshire is available to browse.
Newspapers and Periodicals
The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following newspapers online: