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Mathern, Monmouthshire

Historical Description

Mathern, a parish in Monmouthshire, on the Meurig Brook, and at the confluence of the Wye and the Severn, 2 miles SSW of Chepstow. It has a post and money order office under Chepstow; telegraph office, Chepstow. In 1886 this parish was amalgamated for civil purposes with that of St Pierre and Runstone. Acreage of Mathern and St Pierre, 3482, with 499 of adjacent tidal water and foreshore; population of the civil parish, 582; of the ecclesiastical, 535. Mathern includes the hamlet of Pwllmeyric. The name Mathern is a corruption of Merthyr, and the parish was formerly called Merthyr Tewdric. Tewdric was king of Gwent and Morganwg in the 6th century, and is reputed to have become a hermit and a martyr. Moignes Court, which was formerly the seat of the De Moignes, was rebuilt in 1609 by Bishop Godwin of Llandaff, and passed subsequently to Colonel Hughes, governor of Chepstow during the civil war. It has a fine gateway flanked by slender towers. A quadrangular building, the palace of the Bishops of Llandaff till 1706, is BOW a farmhouse. The ecclesiastical parish includes the hamlet of Runstone. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Llandaff; net value, £240 with residence. Patrons, the Dean and Chapter of Llandaff. The church, with the exception of one column, which is supposed to have existed in the year 600, is Early English, with Perpendicular additions, and was restored in 1884 at a cost of over £3500. It contains a tablet to St Tewdric, whose stone coffin was discovered by Bishop Godwin while repairing the church; the coffin was uncovered during the restoration in 1883 beneath the tablet, and was carefully re-interred in the same spot There are also monuments to Colonel Hughes and others. St Pierre is annexed for ecclesiastical purposes to Portskewett. There is a Wesleyan chapel.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5

Administration

The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.

Ancient CountyMonmouthshire 
Ecclesiastical parishMathern St. Theodoric 
HundredCaldicot 
Poor Law unionChepstow 
Registration districtChepstow1837 - 1886
Registration districtChepstow1935 - 1968
Registration districtCaerleon1968 - 1974

Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.


Directories & Gazetteers

We have transcribed the entry for Mathern from the following:


Maps

Online maps of Mathern are available from a number of sites:


Newspapers and Periodicals

The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following newspapers online:

CountyMonmouthshire