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Dolgelly or Dolgelley, Merionethshire

Historical Description

Dolgelly or Dolgelley, a market and county town, a parish, the head of a poor law union and county court district, in Merionethshire. The town stands on the Sam-Helen Way and the river Union, 10 miles W of Barmouth, and 18 SW by S of Bala. It has a station on the G.W.R., L. & N.W.R., and Cambrian railway, and is 251 miles from London by rail. It has a head post office. It has magnificent mountain environs, and is a great resort of tourists. Some Roman coins have been found in its vicinity, proving it to have been known to the Romans. A body of Royalist troops attempted to fortify it in the wars of Charles I. The town consists chiefly of irregular streets, yet contains some good modern houses. The county-hall was built in 1825. The parish church is a modern limestone edifice in the Grecian style, has a large tower, and contains monuments of Maurice ab Vychan and Chief Baron Richards. The town has two banks, a market-house, a grammar school, Congregational, Baptist, Wesleyan, Calvinistic Methodist, and Presbyterian chapels, and is a seat of summer assizes, a seat of April and October quarter sessions, and the headquarters of the county militia. Markets are held on Tuesdays and Saturdays, and fairs are held nearly every month. There is a manufacture of flannels, coarse woollen cloths, and kerseys; currying and tanning are also carried on. Chief Baron Richards was a native. The parish includes also the townships of Brithdir-Isaf, Brithdir-Uwchaf, Cefnyr-Owen, Dol-gledr, Dyffrydan, and Garthgynfawr, and extends along the estuary of the Maewddach. Acreage, 25,211 of land and 164 of water, with 789 of adjacent tidal water and foreshore; population of the civil parish, 3785; of the ecclesiastical, 3612. Numerous villas and other residences are on the thickly-wooded sides of the liills. The cataract of Dol-y-Melynllyn, with two falls of 35 and 20 feet, is 5 miles from the town. An ancient British camp is at Moel-Cynnwch. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Bangor; net value, £180 with residence. Patron, the Crown.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5

Land and Property

The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for Merionethshire is available to browse.

Newspapers and Periodicals

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