Wigton cum Woodside, Cumberland
Wigton-cum-Woodside, a market-town, a township, and a parish in Cumberland. The town stands on the Carlisle and Maryport railway, 11 miles WSW of Carlisle, 16 from Maryport, and 310 from London; belonged at the Norman Conquest to W. de Meschines; was given by him to Edward de Wigton; suffered much in the times of the Border feuds, and was burned by the Scots in 1322. It is governed by an urban district council, is a seat of petty sessions and county courts, publishes a weekly newspaper, carries on brewing, tanning, and the manufacture of ginghams, muslins, fustians, and checks; consists chiefly of two streets, the smaller one transverse to the extremity of the larger; has a head post office, a railway station, three banks, a church, Congregational, Primitive Methodist, and Wesleyan chapels, a Roman Catholic church, a Friends' meeting-house, mechanics' institute, an endowed grammar school, a county police station, a workhouse, a cemetery, Sanderson's Charity with £135 a year, and other charities. A beautifully carved drinking fountain was erected in the market-place at a cost of £12,000 in 1872. It is 32 feet high, and is surmounted by a massive gilt cross, the four bas-reliefs on the sides of the base being from designs by the late Mr Thomas Woolner, R.A., and representing the four acts of mercy. Markets are held on Tuesday, and fairs for horses and cattle on 20 Feb., for cattle and merchandise on 5 April, and on Whit-Tuesday and Martinmas Tuesday for hiring agricultural servants. The township comprises Kirkland. Area of the township, 4974 acres; population, 4346. The ecclesiastical parish contains also Waverton and Oulton townships. Population, 5102. The manor belongs to Lord Leconfield. Old Carlisle, on the site of a Roman station, is about one mile S of the town. The living is a vicarage, with Waverton annexed, in the diocese of Carlisle; gross value, £372 with residence. Patron, the Bishop. The church, rebuilt in 1790, consists of chancel (restored in 1882), nave, aisles, W porch, and embattled western tower. A chapel of ease was built at Waverton in 1865.
The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.
|Ecclesiastical parish||Wigton St. Mary|
|Poor Law union||Wigton|
Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.
For general information about Civil Registration (births, marriages and deaths) see the Civil Registration page.
Directories & Gazetteers
We have transcribed the entry for Wigton cum Woodside from the following:
- Samuel Lewis' A Topographical Dictionary of England, by Samuel Lewis, seventh edition, published 1858. (Wigton (St. Mary))
Land and Property
The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for Cumberland is available to browse.
Online maps of Wigton cum Woodside are available from a number of sites:
- Bing (Current Ordnance Survey maps).
- Google Streetview.
- National Library of Scotland. (Old maps)
- old-maps.co.uk (Old Ordnance Survey maps to buy).
- Streetmap.co.uk (Current Ordnance Survey maps).
- A Vision of Britain through Time. (Old maps)
Villages, Hamlets, &cOulton
The Visitation of Cumberland, 1615 is available on the Heraldry page.