The Trent, Derbyshire
Trent, The, a river of Staffordshire, Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Notts, and Lincolnshire. It was known anciently as Trivona or Treonta. It ranks in regard to length as the third river of England, and drains a basin of about 4000 square miles. It rises at the foot of Mow Cop on Biddulph Moor, on the N border of Staffordshire, at an elevation of about 500 feet above sea-level, and at a distance of about 154 miles along its bed to the sea; it goes southward past Stoke-upon-Trent and Hanford, where it receives the Lyme, through Trentham Park, past Stone, Weston-on-Trent, Great Haywood, where it receives the Sowe; it goes thence south-eastward past Colwich to Kings Bromley, where it receives the Blythe; it proceeds thence east-by-aonthward past Alrewas to the boundary with Derbyshire, and there receives the Tame and the Mees; goes north-north-east-ward along the boundary between Staffordshire and Derbyshire, past Burton-upon-Trent to Newton Solney, and there receives the Dove; it intersects the S wing of Derbyshire eastward past Barrow-upon-Trent to the neighbourhood of Aston-upon-Trent; it then divides Derbyshire from Leicestershire east-north-eastward past Shardlow and Sawley to the neighbourhood of Attenborough, and receives in that run the Derwent, the Soar, and the Erewash; proceeds north-eastward to Nottingham, and there receives the Leen; it then goes through Notts eastward, north-eastward, and north-by-eastward past Shelford, Hoveringham, East Stoke, Newark, Carlton-on-Trent, and Sutton-upon-Trent, to the boundary with Lincolnshire near Dunham, and receives in that run the Dover, the Greet, and the Devon; it divides Notts from Lincolnshire northward past Torksey, Littleborough, and Gainsborough, to West Stockwith, and there receives the Idle; proceeds within Lincolnshire northward past Wildsworth, Burringham, and Amcotts, separating the Isle of Axholme from the main body of Lincolnshire; and unites with the Ouse at an impingement of Yorkshire near Alkborough to form the Humber. It is tidal to Gainsborough, and navigable for barges to Burton-upon-Trent; it is swept in its tidal reaches by a bore similar to that of the rivers entering the Solway Frith and the Bristol Channel.