North Eastern Railway, Cumberland
North-Eastern Railway, an extensive railway system in the counties of York, Durham, Northumberland, Cumberland, and Westmorland. It was constituted in 1854 by amalgamation of the York, Newcastle, and Berwick, the York and North Midland, the Leeds Northern, and the Malton and Drimeld, and since tliat date it has been greatly extended by absorption of other lines and the construction of new ones, over which the East Coast expresses from London to Scotland run. The main line goes northwards, through York, Thirsk, Darlington, Durham, and Newcastle, to Berwick. Right and left of the main line radiate many branches of varying importance, completely occupying the country and excluding competition on the part of other companies. Among the most important of these are the following lines:-Bilton Junction to Alnwick, via, Coldstream; Newcastle to Tynemouth; Newcastle to Carlisle;. Newcastle to Hartlepool, and to Stockton and Middlesborough; Leeds to Hartlepool, via Thirsk or Northallerton and Stockton; York to Scarborough, via Malton; Leeds to York; Leeds to Hull, via Selby; Hull, northwards by Drimeld, Scarborough, and Whitby. Besides these there are" many cross-country lines and others chiefly used for mineral traffic. The authorised capital of the company exceeds £63,500,000, and it owns and works over 1500 miles of lines. The head offices are at York, where there is a very handsome station and hotel.
Land and Property
The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for Cumberland is available to browse.